While we were talking came by several poor creatures carried
by, by constables, for being at a conventicle...I would to God they would
either conform, or be more wise, and not be catched!
-Samuel Pepys, August 7
Born in 1664:
Died in 1664:
Events of 1664:
Molière and Jean-Baptiste Lully collaborate on Le mariage
forcé (The Forced Wedding) and The Princess
of Elida. These have some success, but Molière's religious
satire La Tartuffe is immediately banned.
The French Horn makes its first appearance in orchestras.
Heinrich Schütz's Christmas Oratorio appears.
Jean de la Fontaine's collection of bawdy tales, Contes et nouvelles,
Pope Alexander VII
adds a condemnation of Coperican theory to the Index of prohibited books.
All "books which affirm the motion of the earth'' are proclaimed anathema.
issues a decree condemning the Jansenists.
Samuel Butler's publishes the second part of his epic poem Hudibras.
The second issue of the third edition of William Shakespeare's plays
is the first one to contain all of the plays now ascribed to him.
Jean Racine's play La Thébaïde (The
Jean-Baptiste Colbert convinces young Louis XIV to:
Colbert also pressures Louis to reduce ranks of the nobility, whom he considers
parasites crippling the French economy.
Maryland prohibits interracial marriage, and relegates black people to
lifelong slavery, the first colony to do so.
sets up the territory of Maine for his brother James,
Duke of York.
Gives the territory between the Delaware River and New Netherland to his
brother James, as well. James grants George Carteret and Lord Berkeley
a charter to found New Jersey there.
offers a prize of ten shillings a ton for every foreign merchant ship captured.
sets up the Admiral's Regiment, a detachment of the Royal Navy
later called the Royal Marines.
is given some Chinese tea by English East India Company traders.
He loves it even though it has been contaminated by seawater from a leaky
hold, and the Company gains a concession that will make many of them rich
and drive much of history in the future.
Peter Stuyvesant has so alienated the Dutch settlers of New Netherland
that they refuse to lift a finger to help when the English invade; Stuyvesant
is forced to surrender Nieuw Amsterdam to the English without a shot
being fired; they rename it New York (after James).
Maratta warlord Shivaji captures and sacks the Gujarat city of Surat; he assumes the kingship of Surat and allows French traders establish a factory there.
French buccaneers, having driven the Spanish from Hispaniola, found Fort
de Paix, their first settlement in Haiti.
The Knights Hospitaller attack Algiers.
German divers salvage 53 cannons from the Swedish warship Wasa,
which had sunk on its maiden voyage in 1628.
The English Parliament passes The Coventicle Act, forbidding
any non-Anglican religious gathering of more than five people. Also, they
begin transporting Quakers to Maryland, New Jersey, and the West
An Austrian army beefed up by contingents from several European countries
defeats Ahmed Kuprulu leading an invading Ottoman army at Saint-Gotthard
A Dutch fleet fails to recapture Fort Zeelandia (near Tainan)
from the Chinese, but manages to capture Amoy in Fukien.
Certain worthies of Lindheim, Germany begin trying and executing
people for witchcraft in order to seize their property.
1663 - 1664 - 1665
How They Were Made - 17th Century