s are those things that the brain learn
s to do without conscious
direction. For instance, an accent
or speech mannerism
is usually habitual
. Since speech is so useful and common, we can't afford to constantly be thinking about the how
of speaking; we must concentrate on what we actually want to communicate
. Therefore, the brain learns to do all of these things without conscious intervention
This is a very Good Thing. Imagine if you had to think about how to walk, speak, eat, move, etc. We would get so bogged down in planning each muscle contraction and release that we would never be able to do anything
However, habits can carry ill effects as well. If you train yourself to do something incorrectly (like walking with your feet at an odd angle or hunching your shoulders when you sit) you will subconsciously do these things incorrectly. This can lead to poor performance and even injury.
Additionally, habits are meant to be permanent and can be quite difficult to replace if they are incorrect. The best approach is to "interrupt" the brain forcefully while it is in the process of performing its learned operation. Doing this consistently can be fruitful in replacing bad habits.