A technique used by 3D rendering engines for First Person Shooter type games. This technique is designed to prevent pixel granularity when approaching a texture. The texture is actually rendered several times at differing resolutions.

As the viewpoint approaches the texture, the texture is scaled up, until a certain threshold, when the rendering engine loads the next higher resolution texture.

The popular computer game DooM did not use mip maps, so when the player approached a wall the texture used became very blocky and pixellated. Newer games of this genre tend to use mip maps and so textures do not become grainy, even at point blank range. Most modern rendering engines will automatically generate mip maps if they are not pre-supplied by the data files of the game.