A chord consisting of four notes, each a minor third
apart from the next. Since it contains two tritones
, it sounds horribly dissonant
, but since lowering any of its tones a semitone
yields a dominant seventh
, it is quite easily resolved.
Since the chord is symmetric, there are only three distinct fully-diminished seventh chords (named arbitrarily):
- Ao7 contains the notes A C Eb Gb
- Fo7 contains the notes F Ab Cb Ebb
- C#o7 contains the notes C# E G B
The most standard place to find a fully-diminished seventh chord is in a phrase or piece written in a harmonic minor scale
. The seventh tone of harmonic minor is a minor third away from the second tone, which is in turn a minor third
from the fourth tone, which is in turn a minor third from the sixth tone, which is again a minor third from the seventh. Again, since the chord shape is symmetric, you can build a fully-diminished seventh off the second, fourth or sixth tones as well.
You might be wondering right now, "Why is it called a fully-diminished seventh? Would I be correct in assuming that there's some kind of quasi-dimished seventh?" And indeed you would be, except that it's called a half-diminished seventh.
I'll include a little blurb on chord naming conventions at some future time, but right now I'm too tired.