No Offense to CampusCop, but I would ignore his caution on asserting your rights entirely.
As a defense lawyer, I know that asking a police officer for his badge number and last name sometimes annoys the officer. I have also seen several instances where I police officer has found something additional to write up once this information is asked for. This is why I would advise anyone in this situation to ask for badge number and last name once you have had a ticket issued or once you believe the officer has finished.
I say this because if an officer writes an additional ticket or changes his original charge after you have asserted your legal right for police identification, you have grounds to cite him for abuse of power. I have had a few clients where this has been the case and the officer in question was almost always disciplined because of it (on one occasion, I had a Park Police officer discharged completely due to taking action after his badge number was asked for) and often times, if the original offense was minor, this can cause the entire charge to be withdrawn.
In addition to that, taking notes and times is incredibly important in a court of law. I think it is ludicrous to make the claim that this makes "you look as if you are constantly getting in trouble." You can never be too precise or have too much information. In fact, most police officers would disagree with CampusCop, as it is a great help to the officers to have this information because they, too, take notes of these instances and giving them your own to cross reference makes their lives a hell of a lot easier.
Video footage is also a tricky subject. Or should I say, audio, is a tricky subject. In most states, if it completely legal to video tape without someone's consent. That is not the case for audio (lawmakers are a tad slow), as almost all states have laws against making an audio recording without informing them first. If video or audio tape an officer, you must let them know first, and this, as CampusCop originally stated, may annoy them and cause them to find something wrong with what you are doing. In contrast, asking for identification afterwards and taking diligent notes and/or having a witness is always a better bet.
I would, however, agree that you should always address them as officer or detective or sir/ma'am. Even if they are being abusive, you should always address them with respect and assert your rights and you will have a much better chance of clearing up the situation later. In the moment, they have the power and there's almost nothing you can do to take that away from them on the street.
Finally (again with no offense intended to CampusCop himself), I must note that I have had many many cases where Campus Police, Transit Police, the aforementioned Park Police, etc. have abused their power. I would encourage extreme caution when dealing with these police officers and extend them the same respect you would someone on the NYPD. This is not always the case, and subsequently, they are often quicker to assert their authority to prove that they are not "rent-a-cops". If you are in their jurisdiction, they are the law and you should respect that.