Drosophila melanogaster, the common fruit fly, is the best-known species within the genus Drosophila. "Melanogaster" roughly means "dark belly". These tiny flies are extensively used as experimental animals to study genetics, cell biology, and developmental biology.

From the BioTech Dictionary at http://biotech.icmb.utexas.edu/. For further information see the BioTech homenode.

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