Waste reduction is one of the most important objectives of solid waste management, more important than recyling or reusing. This idea is to reduce packaging (mainly plasitics and carboard), size. amd weight of the product. This reduces the waste that results from the use of the product.

For example, a typical juice box is packaged together with other boxes, using plastic and cardboard. The actual box is made out of cardboard with a plastic outside and aluminum on the inside. There is also plastic used with the straw and the straw cover. All these materials are wastes.

Plastic is the most problematic since the production of plastics releases many toxic materials and plastics is the least degradable of any material.

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