Tear (tEr), n. [AS. teár; akin to G. zärhe, OHG. zahar, OFries. & Icel. tAr, Sw. tår, Dan. taare, Goth. tagr, OIr. dEr, W. dagr, OW. dacr, L. lacrima, lacruma, for older dacruma, Gr. da`kry, da`kryon, da`kryma. √59. Cf. Lachrymose.]

1. (Physiol.)

A drop of the limpid, saline fluid secreted, normally in small amount, by the lachrymal gland, and diffused between the eye and the eyelids to moisten the parts and facilitate their motion. Ordinarily the secretion passes through the lachrymal duct into the nose, but when it is increased by emotion or other causes, it overflows the lids.

And yet for thee ne wept she never a tear.
Chaucer.

2.

Something in the form of a transparent drop of fluid matter; also, a solid, transparent, tear-shaped drop, as of some balsams or resins.

Let Araby extol her happy coast,
Her fragrant flowers, her trees with precious tears.
Dryden.

3.

That which causes or accompanies tears; a lament; a dirge. [R.] "Some melodous tear." Milton.

Tear is sometimes used in the formation of self-explaining compounds; as, tear-distilling, tear-drop, tear- filled, tear-stained, and the like.

 

© Webster 1913


Tear (tar), v. t. [imp. Tore (tOr), ((Obs. Tare) (tar); p. p. Torn (tOrn); p. pr. & vb. n. Tearing.] [OE. teren, AS. teran; akin to OS. farterian to destroy, D. teren to consume, G. zerren to pull, to tear, zehren to consume, Icel. tæra, Goth. gataíran to destroy, Lith. dirti to flay, Russ. drate to pull, to tear, Gr. de`rein to flay, Skr. dar to burst. √63. Cf. Darn, Epidermis, Tarre, Tirade.]

1.

To separate by violence; to pull apart by force; to rend; to lacerate; as, to tear cloth; to tear a garment; to tear the skin or flesh.

Tear him to pieces; he's a conspirator.
Shak.

2.

Hence, to divide by violent measures; to disrupt; to rend; as, a party or government torn by factions.

3.

To rend away; to force away; to remove by force; to sunder; as, a child torn from its home.

The hand of fate
Hath torn thee from me.
Addison.

4.

To pull with violence; as, to tear the hair.

5.

To move violently; to agitate. "Once I loved torn ocean's roar." Byron.

To tear a cat, to rant violently; to rave; -- especially applied to theatrical ranting. [Obs.] Shak. --
To tear down, to demolish violently; to pull or pluck down. --
To tear off, to pull off by violence; to strip. --
To tear out, to pull or draw out by violence; as, to tear out the eyes. --
To tear up, to rip up; to remove from a fixed state by violence; as, to tear up a floor; to tear up the foundation of government or order.

 

© Webster 1913


Tear (?), v. i.

1.

To divide or separate on being pulled; to be rent; as, this cloth tears easily.

2.

To move and act with turbulent violence; to rush with violence; hence, to rage; to rave.

 

© Webster 1913


Tear (?), n.

The act of tearing, or the state of being torn; a rent; a fissure. Macaulay.

Wear and tear. See under Wear, n.

 

© Webster 1913


Tear (?), n. (Glass Manuf.)

A partially vitrified bit of clay in glass. --
Tears of St. Lawrence, the Perseid shower of meteors, seen every year on or about the eve of St. Lawrence, August 9th. --
T. of wine, drops which form and roll down a glass above the surface of strong wine. The phenomenon is due to the evaporation of alcohol from the surface layer, which, becoming more watery, increases in surface tension and creeps up the sides until its weight causes it to break.

 

© Webster 1913

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