(From the Swedish kopparnickel, "niccolite") A hard, silver-white, malleable metallic chemical element, used extensively in alloys, batteries, and for plating because it is markedly resistant to oxidation and corrosion.

Symbol: Ni
Atomic number: 28
Atomic weight: 58.6934
Density (at room temperature and pressure): 8.90 g/cc
Melting point: 1,453°C
Boiling point: 2,913°C
Valence: +2, +3
Ground state electron configuration: [Ar]3d84s2

Nickel
Symbol: Ni
Atomic Number: 28
Boiling Point: 3005 K
Melting Point: 1726 K
Density at 300K: 8.90 g/cm3
Covalent radius: 1.15
Atomic radius: 1.62
Atomic volume: 6.60 cm3/mol
First ionization potental: 7.635 V
Specific heat capacity: 0.444 Jg-1K-1
Thermal conductivity: 90.7 Wm-1K-1
Electrical conductivity: 14.6 106Ω-1m-1
Heat of fusion: 17.2 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization: 377.5 kJ/mol
Electronegativity: 1.91 (Pauling's)

Previous Cobalt---Copper Next
To the Periodic Table
Canadian restaurant chain with a 50s-like decoration style, specialized in smoked-meat and owned by Celine Dion (I'm not even kidding).

Nickel's was created in 1990 by the singer Celine Dion, her husband and manager René Angelil, Paul Sara, Peter Mammas and Lawrence Mammas. The name of the restaurant was decided by Mrs. Dion herself. She chosen the name nickel's because she thought that 5 was her lucky number (In Canada, 5 cents are made of nickel). So they started selling smoked-meat and spaghetti for only 5 cents.

Celine and René sold their parts in 1997 after a big fiscal fraud from the administration. But Celine's sister, Claudette, still owns a franchise.
Nickel, a coin of the US with a value of 5 cents, and a weight of 5 grams, made of cupro-nickel they were issued to replace the silver half-dime.

Shield Design 1866-1883
Obverse- Shield
Reverse- 5 in a circle of stars
During the US civil war most silver in circulation vanished, as it was being horded, the government issued paper note in place of small coins. By 1864 the note were in such bad condition that many of the 114,000,000 five cent notes issued could not be redeemed because official could not tell if they were counterfeit. Back by powerful mining interests, Congress approved the Coinage Act of May 16, 1866 that called for a 5-cent coin to replace the 5-cent notes. Designed by James Longacre

Liberty Head 1883-1913
Obverse – Liberty
Reverse – V in wreath
This coin was trouble at the mint from the first coin to the last in 1913. This series is the first has the first mintmark marked coins when in 1912 dies were send to San Francisco and Denver. Designed by Charles Barber

The 5-cent 5-dollar gold piece: Are you joshing me?
1913 Liberty Head Nickel: Making 3rd Shift Pay

Buffalo Nickel 1913-1938
Obverse – Native American Chief
Reverse - Buffalo
No US coin says America more than the Buffalo Nickels. Loved by collector and non-collectors alike these coins are always in demand, with even coins with the dates worn off sell fast. Designed by James Earle Fraser.

How to Grade a Buffalo Nickel
3 legged nickel

Jefferson Nickel 1938-
Obverse-Thomas Jefferson
Reverse-Monticello
Felix Schlag won the $1,000 prize the design the new nickel in 1935 with his breathtaking design. However once again the mint meddled until the coin no longer had the artist merit that the winning design had. Collector of this series looks for coins with six full steps on the reverse. These full step coin can begin huge amounts with compared to there none step brothers. Example; 1964D without full steps Unc. $ .30, with full steps over $1000.

Wartime Nickels
How not to counterfeit
1950D Nickel
1966 Proof nickel beyond rare
Why are their so many 1964 nickels?

Slang: Five years in prison.

Another prison slang term that often crops up on television cop shows (e.g. Law & Order). In New York, you would be most likely to serve your nickel at someplace like Attica or Ossining, or so the writers would have us believe.

Unlike its cousin the bullet, the etymology of this term is pretty obvious: one nickel = five cents = five years.



Sources: www.convictsandcops.com, dictionary.prisonwall.org.

Nick"el (?), n. [G., fr. Sw. nickel, abbrev. from Sw. kopparnickel copper-nickel, a name given in derision, as it was thought to be a base ore of copper. The origin of the second part of the word is uncertain. Cf. Kupfer-nickel, Copper-nickel.]

1. Chem.

A bright silver-white metallic element. It is of the iron group, and is hard, malleable, and ductile. It occurs combined with sulphur in millerite, with arsenic in the mineral niccolite, and with arsenic and sulphur in nickel glance. Symbol Ni. Atomic weight 58.6.

On account of its permanence in air and inertness to oxidation, it is used in the smaller coins, for plating iron, brass, etc., for chemical apparatus, and in certain alloys, as german silver. It is magnetic, and is very frequently accompanied by cobalt, both being found in meteoric iron.

2.

A small coin made of or containing nickel; esp., a five-cent piece.

[Colloq. U.S.]

Nickel silver, an alloy of nickel, copper, and zinc; -- usually called german silver; called also argentan.

 

© Webster 1913.

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