Flint or "Fflint" in the Welsh is a small town, population circa 11,500, in the north-east of Wales. It lies within the county of Flintshire and was formerly within the administrative county of Clwyd for a short time.

It owes it origins to the construction of a castle by Edward I there in 1278. There was a ford across the river Dee, a day's march from Chester and built a fortress on a low promontory of sandstone rock overlooking the estuary - the rock known as "The Flint" gave the castle and town its name. In 1284, Edward I granted the town of Flint its first charter and appointed the constable of the castle, Reginald de Grey as the first mayor of the new borough.

Flint itself was a Royalist stronghold during the Civil War and Parliament responded in 1646 by voting for the dismantling of Flint Castle - the castle walls were blown up and only ruins have survived.

Table of References

  • http://www.gazetteer-wales.co.uk/
  • http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/wal/
  • http://www.flintshire.org/
  • http://www.fflint.co.uk/

Flint (?), n. [AS. flint, akin to Sw. flinta, Dan. flint; cf. OHG. flins flint, G. flinte gun (cf. E. flintlock), perh. akin to Gr. brick. Cf. Plinth.]

1. Min.

A massive, somewhat impure variety of quartz, in color usually of a gray to brown or nearly black, breaking with a conchoidal fracture and sharp edge. It is very hard, and strikes fire with steel.

2.

A piece of flint for striking fire; -- formerly much used, esp. in the hammers of gun locks.

3.

Anything extremely hard, unimpressible, and unyielding, like flint.

"A heart of flint."

Spenser.

Flint age. Geol. Same as Stone age, under Stone. -- Flint brick, a fire made principially of powdered silex. -- Flint glass. See in the Vocabulary. -- Flint implements Archaeol., tools, etc., employed by men before the use of metals, such as axes, arrows, spears, knives, wedges, etc., which were commonly made of flint, but also of granite, jade, jasper, and other hard stones. -- Flint mill. (a) Pottery A mill in which flints are ground. (b) Mining An obsolete appliance for lighting the miner at his work, in which flints on a revolving wheel were made to produce a shower of sparks, which gave light, but did not inflame the fire damp. Knight. -- Flint stone, a hard, siliceous stone; a flint. -- Flint wall, a kind of wall, common in England, on the face of which are exposed the black surfaces of broken flints set in the mortar, with quions of masonry. -- Liquor of flints, a solution of silica, or flints, in potash. -- To skin a flint, to be capable of, or guilty of, any expedient or any meanness for making money. [Colloq.]

 

© Webster 1913.

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