DIR

The DOS command for listing the files and subdirectories in a given directory.
Probably the most common command. Short for - you got it right - directory.

Equivalent to unix's ls.
(OldMiner adds: There is also a Linux dir, which is part of coreutils, the same collection of tools ls is a part of. According to 'info dir', it is the equivalent of 'ls -C -b'.)

Usage:

DIR [specific directory] [options]
Common options:
/p for paging the results,
/s for searching within subdirs,
/w for arranging results in wide columns.

Syntax (from MS-DOS documentation):

DIR [drive:][path][filename] [/A[[:]attributes]] [/B] [/C] [/D] [/L] [/N] [/O[[:]sortorder]] [/P] [/Q] [/S] [/T[[:]timefield]] [/W] [/X] [/4]
[drive:][path][filename]
Specifies drive, directory, and/or files to list.
/A
Displays files with specified attributes:
D
Directories
R
Read-only files
H
Hidden files
A
Files ready for archiving
S
System files
-
Prefix meaning not
/B
Uses bare format (no heading information or summary).
/C
Display the thousand separator in file sizes. This is the default. Use /-C to disable display of separator.
/D
Same as wide but files are list sorted by column.
/L
Uses lowercase.
/N
New long list format where filenames are on the far right.
/O
List by files in sorted order:
N
By name (alphabetic)
S
By size (smallest first)
E
By extension (alphabetic)
D
By date/time (oldest first)
G
Group directories first
-
Prefix to reverse order
/P
Pauses after each screenful of information.
/Q
Display the owner of the file.
/S
Displays files in specified directory and all subdirectories.
/T
Controls which time field displayed or used for sorting:
C
Creation
A
Last Access
W
Last Written
/W
Uses wide list format.
/X
This displays the short names generated for non-8dot3 file names. The format is that of /N with the short name inserted before the long name. If no short name is present, blanks are displayed in its place.
/4
Displays four-digit years

Switches may be preset in the DIRCMD environment variable. Override preset switches by prefixing any switch with - (hyphen)--for example, /-W.


Just a thought: If dir is a short for directory, why isn't the listing command in win98 called "fold" as a short for folder?
nm.

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