Daimones (the plural of daimon) was originally (in Homer for instance), synonymous with theoi (gods). However, as Greek philosophy progressed it became a general term to mark a group of minor deities in Greek Mythology
. Though the word Demon
sprang from this word (or, more accurately, from the Latinized version of it: daemon
), daimones are not necessarily evil. However, the vast majority of them are Chthonic Deities
, and thus connected with night, death and the occult. Many daimones have the ability to influence people's moods and consequent actions for better or worse, such daimones are: Ate
- tragic blindness, Hybris
- excessive pride, Peitho
- seduction, Lyssa
- murderous rage, Eris
- quarrel, Tyche
- luck. And so a man who succumbs to his emotions will often be refered to as daimon-possessed and his actions will be daimonic. A lucky or happy person will be called eudaimon (having good daimon) and a miserable or unlucky person will be called kakodaimon (having bad daimon).
The Daimones' gifts are always two sided: Peitho can be seduction to do bad things but she can also be persuasion- the ethic basis for democracy; Eris can cause wars and fights, but also be competition and consequent growth.