Passed on November 29, 1990. The vote was 12-2, with Cuba and Yemen being opposed. China abstained from voting. UNSCR 678 called for Iraq to comply with Resolution 660. A deadline of January 15, 1991 was set for Iraq to be totally compliant. If Iraq did not comply, other UN nations supporting Kuwait can impose Resolution 660 upon Iraq using any means necessary for enforcement. Nations participating in this enforcement were required to inform the UN Security Council of their actions and their outcomes.

Iraq's non-compliance to Resolution 678 is what triggered the Gulf War (Operation Desert Storm) between the United States and Iraq.

source: www.un.org

RESOLUTION 678 (1990)

of 29 November 1990

The Security Council,

Recalling and reaffirming its resolutions 660 (1990) of 2 August 1990, 661 (1990) of 6 August 1990, 662 (1990) of 9 August 1990, 664 (1990) of 18 August 1990, 665 (1990) of 25 August 1990, 666 (1990) of 13 September 1990, 667 (1990) of 16 September 1990, 669 (1990) of 24 September 1990, 670 (1990) of 25 September 1990, 674 (1990) of 29 October 1990 and 677 (1990) of 28 November 1990,

Noting that, despite all efforts by the United Nations, Iraq refuses to comply with its obligation to implement resolution 660 (1990) and the above-mentioned subsequent relevant resolutions, in flagrant contempt of the Security Council,

Mindful of its duties and responsibilities under the Charter of the United Nations for the maintenance and preservation of international peace and security,

Determined to secure full compliance with its decisions,

Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter,

  1. Demands that Iraq comply fully with resolution 660 (1990) and all subsequent relevant resolutions, and decides, while maintaining all its decisions, to allow Iraq one final opportunity, as a pause of goodwill, to do so;
  2. Authorizes Member States co-operating with the Government of Kuwait, unless Iraq on or before 15 January 1991 fully implements, as set forth in paragraph 1 above, the above-mentioned resolutions, to use all necessary means to uphold and implement resolution 660 (1990) and all subsequent relevant resolutions and to restore international peace and security in the area;
  3. Requests all States to provide appropriate support for the actions undertaken in pursuance of paragraph 2 above;
  4. Requests the States concerned to keep the Security Council regularly informed on the progress of actions undertaken pursuant to paragraphs 2 and 3 above;
  5. Decides to remain seized of the matter.

Adopted at the 2963rd meeting by
12 votes to 2 (Cuba and Yemen),
with 1 abstention (China).

from daccessdds.un.org

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