Aged 101 years old, Queen Elizabeth
, The Queen Mother died peacefully in her sleep on Saturday March 30th 2002 at Royal Lodge, Windsor
, at 3:15pm. Her daughter, the Queen
of the United Kingdom
and her niece Lady Margaret Rhodes
was at with her at the time. Her other daughter, Princess Margaret
, died less than two months earlier aged 71.
A Palace spokesman
said, "Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother had become increasingly frail
in recent weeks following her bad cough
and chest infection
The Queen Mother, formerly Lady Elizabeth Bowes Lyon, was daughter of a Scottish Earl
. Born August the 4th 1900, she married Prince Albert
who was the second son of King George V
and had two daughters, Elizabeth and Margaret.
The duke's elder brother succeeded to the throne in 1936 as King Edward VIII
, but by the middle of December
to marry an American divorcee
called Wallis Simpson
. Simpson was the only person the Queen Mother was viewed to dislike. She later called Wallis Simpson the "lowest of the low" when it was rumoured that Edward and Simpson were talking to the Nazis
in 1940 about themselves returning as monarchs
Prince Albert reluctantly took the throne in 1936, changing his name to King George VI
The Queen Mother stayed in England during World War II
at the side of her husband King George VI instead of fleeing to Canada
as suggested to her, earning the respect
of the UK
She stated that, "The children won't go without me. I won't leave the King
. And the King will never leave."
After her husband's death in 1952, she continued with her royal duties which she continued until she was in her 90's. When she reached her 90's, she made fewer public appearances as she suffered from arthritis
which led to a hip
replacement at the age of 95, in November 1995. She walked out of hospital
unaided 18 days later. However she did break her hip in January 1997 whilst watching horses
and had an emergency hip replacement operation
The Queen Mother, also famous for her love of horse racing
, was also the only royal to stay friends with Princess Diana
after her divorce from Prince Charles
. She was a popular and dedicated Royal
and will be sadly missed by many.
Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother. August 4th 1900 - March 30th 2002.
Associated Press 30/3/2002
New York Post 31/3/2002