The Edwin Smith Papyrus
A FRACTURE OF THE HUMERUS
WITH RUPTURE OF OVERLYING SOFT TISSUE
TITLE: Instructions concerning a break in his upper arm, with a wound over it.
EXAMINATION: If thou examinest a man having a break in his upper arm, over which a wound has been inflicted, (and) thou findest that break crepitates under thy fingers.
FIRST DIAGNOSIS: Thou shouldst say concerning him: "One having a break in his upper arm, over which a wound has been infected. An ailment with which I will contend."
FIRST TREATMENT: Thou shouldst make for him two splints of linen; thou shouldst bind it with ymrw(?); (and) thou shouldst treat it afterward with grease, honey, (and) lint every day until thou knowest that he has reached a decisive point.
SECOND EXAMINATION: If, however, thou findest that wound which is over the break, with blood issuing from it, and piercing through to the interior of his injury.
SECOND DIAGNOSIS: Thou shouldst say concerning him; "One having a break in his upper arm, over which a wound has been inflicted, piercing through. An ailment not to be treated."