The following are the required elements for the short program in figure skating, as set by the International Skating Union:

For men:

  • double or triple axel (1)
  • a triple or quadruple jump preceded by connecting steps (2)
  • a combination of a double jump and a triple jump or two triple jumps, without intervening steps or turns; the jumps from elements (1) or (2) may not be repeated here
  • a flying spin; the flying position must be achieved in the air, and the skater must do at least 8 rotations in the spinning position
  • a camel spin or sit spin with a change of foot; at least 6 rotations on each foot
  • a spin combination with a change of foot and at least two changes of position; the spin must include camel, sit, and upright positions, and there must be at least 6 rotations on each foot
  • two different step sequences
For ladies: For pairs:
  • overhead lift (with a specific takeoff that changes each year)
  • double twist lift
  • side-by-side double or triple jumps
  • side-by-side spin combinations, with a change of foot, at least one change of position, and at least 5 rotations on each foot
  • pair spin combination with a change of foot and at least one change in position and at least 8 rotations in all
  • death spiral (on a specific edge that changes each year)
  • a step sequence or a spiral step sequence (the specific requirement changes each year)
  • a double or triple throw jump

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