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Thus they in lowliest plight repentant stood 
Praying, for from the Mercie-seat above 
Prevenient Grace descending had remov'd 
The stonie from thir hearts, and made new flesh 
Regenerat grow instead, that sighs now breath'd 
Unutterable, which the Spirit of prayer 
Inspir'd, and wing'd for Heav'n with speedier flight 
Then loudest Oratorie: yet thir port 
Not of mean suiters, nor important less 
Seem'd thir Petition, then when th' ancient Pair 
In Fables old, less ancient yet then these, 
DEUCALION and chaste PYRRHA to restore 
The Race of Mankind drownd, before the Shrine 
Of THEMIS stood devout.  To Heav'n thir prayers 
Flew up, nor missed the way, by envious windes 
Blow'n vagabond or frustrate: in they passd 
Dimentionless through Heav'nly dores; then clad 
With incense, where the Golden Altar fum'd, 
By thir great Intercessor, came in sight 
Before the Fathers Throne: Them the glad Son 
Presenting, thus to intercede began. 
  See Father, what first fruits on Earth are sprung 
From thy implanted Grace in Man, these Sighs 
And Prayers, which in this Golden Censer, mixt 
With Incense, I thy Priest before thee bring, 
Fruits of more pleasing savour from thy seed 
Sow'n with contrition in his heart, then those 
Which his own hand manuring all the Trees 
Of Paradise could have produc't, ere fall'n 
From innocence.  Now therefore bend thine eare 
To supplication, heare his sighs though mute; 
Unskilful with what words to pray, let mee 
Interpret for him, mee his Advocate 
And propitiation, all his works on mee 
Good or not good ingraft, my Merit those 
Shall perfet, and for these my Death shall pay. 
Accept me, and in mee from these receave 
The smell of peace toward Mankinde, let him live 
Before thee reconcil'd, at least his days 
Numberd, though sad, till Death, his doom (which I 
To mitigate thus plead, not to reverse) 
To better life shall yeeld him, where with mee 
All my redeemd may dwell in joy and bliss, 
Made one with me as I with thee am one. 
  To whom the Father, without Cloud, serene. 
All thy request for Man, accepted Son, 
Obtain, all thy request was my Decree: 
But longer in that Paradise to dwell, 
The Law I gave to Nature him forbids: 
Those pure immortal Elements that know 
No gross, no unharmoneous mixture foule, 
Eject him tainted now, and purge him off 
As a distemper, gross to aire as gross, 
And mortal food, as may dispose him best 
For dissolution wrought by Sin, that first 
Distemperd all things, and of incorrupt 
Corrupted.  I at first with two fair gifts 
Created him endowd, with Happiness 
And Immortalitie: that fondly lost, 
This other serv'd but to eternize woe; 
Till I provided Death; so Death becomes 
His final remedie, and after Life 
Tri'd in sharp tribulation, and refin'd 
By Faith and faithful works, to second Life, 
Wak't in the renovation of the just, 
Resignes him up with Heav'n and Earth renewd. 
But let us call to Synod all the Blest 
Through Heav'ns wide bounds; from them I will not hide 
My judgments, how with Mankind I proceed, 
As how with peccant Angels late they saw; 
And in thir state, though firm, stood more confirmd. 
  He ended, and the Son gave signal high 
To the bright Minister that watchd, hee blew 
His Trumpet, heard in OREB since perhaps 
When God descended, and perhaps once more 
To sound at general Doom.  Th' Angelic blast 
Filld all the Regions: from thir blissful Bowrs 
Of AMARANTIN Shade, Fountain or Spring, 
By the waters of Life, where ere they sate 
In fellowships of joy: the Sons of Light 
Hasted, resorting to the Summons high, 
And took thir Seats; till from his Throne supream 
Th' Almighty thus pronounced his sovran Will. 
  O Sons, like one of us Man is become 
To know both Good and Evil, since his taste 
Of that defended Fruit; but let him boast 
His knowledge of Good lost, and Evil got, 
Happier, had it suffic'd him to have known 
Good by it self, and Evil not at all. 
He sorrows now, repents, and prayes contrite, 
My motions in him, longer then they move, 
His heart I know, how variable and vain 
Self-left.  Least therefore his now bolder hand 
Reach also of the Tree of Life, and eat, 
And live for ever, dream at least to live 
Forever, to remove him I decree, 
And send him from the Garden forth to Till 
The Ground whence he was taken, fitter soile. 
  MICHAEL, this my behest have thou in charge, 
Take to thee from among the Cherubim 
Thy choice of flaming Warriours, least the Fiend 
Or in behalf of Man, or to invade 
Vacant possession som new trouble raise: 
Hast thee, and from the Paradise of God 
Without remorse drive out the sinful Pair, 
From hallowd ground th' unholie, and denounce 
To them and to thir Progenie from thence 
Perpetual banishment.  Yet least they faint 
At the sad Sentence rigorously urg'd, 
For I behold them soft'nd and with tears 
Bewailing thir excess, all terror hide. 
If patiently thy bidding they obey, 
Dismiss them not disconsolate; reveale 
To ADAM what shall come in future dayes, 
As I shall thee enlighten, intermix 
My Cov'nant in the Womans seed renewd; 
So send them forth, though sorrowing, yet in peace: 
And on the East side of the Garden place, 
Where entrance up from EDEN easiest climbes, 
Cherubic watch, and of a Sword the flame 
Wide waving, all approach farr off to fright, 
And guard all passage to the Tree of Life: 
Least Paradise a receptacle prove 
To Spirits foule, and all my Trees thir prey, 
With whose stol'n Fruit Man once more to delude. 
  He ceas'd; and th' Archangelic Power prepar'd 
For swift descent, with him the Cohort bright 
Of watchful Cherubim; four faces each 
Had, like a double JANUS, all thir shape 
Spangl'd with eyes more numerous then those 
Of ARGUS, and more wakeful then to drouze, 
Charm'd with ARCADIAN Pipe, the Pastoral Reed 
Of HERMES, or his opiate Rod.  Meanwhile 
To resalute the World with sacred Light 
LEUCOTHEA wak'd, and with fresh dews imbalmd 
The Earth, when ADAM and first Matron EVE 
Had ended now thir Orisons, and found, 
Strength added from above, new hope to spring 
Out of despaire, joy, but with fear yet linkt; 
Which thus to EVE his welcome words renewd. 
  EVE, easily may Faith admit, that all 
The good which we enjoy, from Heav'n descends 
But that from us ought should ascend to Heav'n 
So prevalent as to concerne the mind 
Of God high blest, or to incline his will, 
Hard to belief may seem; yet this will Prayer, 
Or one short sigh of humane breath, up-borne 
Ev'n to the Seat of God.  For since I saught 
By Prayer th' offended Deitie to appease, 
Kneel'd and before him humbl'd all my heart, 
Methought I saw him placable and mild, 
Bending his eare; perswasion in me grew 
That I was heard with favour; peace returnd 
Home to my brest, and to my memorie 
His promise, that thy Seed shall bruise our Foe; 
Which then not minded in dismay, yet now 
Assures me that the bitterness of death 
Is past, and we shall live.  Whence Haile to thee, 
EVE rightly call'd, Mother of all Mankind, 
Mother of all things living, since by thee 
Man is to live, and all things live for Man. 
  To whom thus EVE with sad demeanour meek. 
Ill worthie I such title should belong 
To me transgressour, who for thee ordaind 
A help, became thy snare; to mee reproach 
Rather belongs, distrust and all dispraise: 
But infinite in pardon was my Judge, 
That I who first brought Death on all, am grac't 
The sourse of life; next favourable thou, 
Who highly thus to entitle me voutsaf't, 
Farr other name deserving.  But the Field 
To labour calls us now with sweat impos'd, 
Though after sleepless Night; for see the Morn, 
All unconcern'd with our unrest, begins 
Her rosie progress smiling; let us forth, 
I never from thy side henceforth to stray, 
Wherere our days work lies, though now enjoind 
Laborious, till day droop; while here we dwell, 
What can be toilsom in these pleasant Walkes? 
Here let us live, though in fall'n state, content. 
  So spake, so wish'd much-humbl'd EVE, but Fate 
Subscrib'd not; Nature first gave Signs, imprest 
On Bird, Beast, Aire, Aire suddenly eclips'd 
After short blush of Morn; nigh in her sight 
The Bird of JOVE, stoopt from his aerie tour, 
Two Birds of gayest plume before him drove: 
Down from a Hill the Beast that reigns in Woods, 
First Hunter then, pursu'd a gentle brace, 
Goodliest of all the Forrest, Hart and Hinde; 
Direct to th' Eastern Gate was bent thir flight. 
ADAM observ'd, and with his Eye the chase 
Pursuing, not unmov'd to EVE thus spake. 
  O EVE, some furder change awaits us nigh, 
Which Heav'n by these mute signs in Nature shews 
Forerunners of his purpose, or to warn 
Us haply too secure of our discharge 
From penaltie, because from death releast 
Some days; how long, and what till then our life, 
Who knows, or more then this, that we are dust, 
And thither must return and be no more. 
VVhy else this double object in our sight 
Of flight pursu'd in th' Air and ore the ground 
One way the self-same hour? why in the East 
Darkness ere Dayes mid-course, and Morning light 
More orient in yon VVestern Cloud that draws 
O're the blew Firmament a radiant white, 
And slow descends, with somthing heav'nly fraught. 
  He err'd not, for by this the heav'nly Bands 
Down from a Skie of Jasper lighted now 
In Paradise, and on a Hill made alt, 
A glorious Apparition, had not doubt 
And carnal fear that day dimm'd ADAMS eye. 
Not that more glorious, when the Angels met 
JACOB in MAHANAIM, where he saw 
The field Pavilion'd with his Guardians bright; 
Nor that which on the flaming Mount appeerd 
In DOTHAN, cover'd with a Camp of Fire, 
Against the SYRIAN King, who to surprize 
One man, Assassin-like had levied Warr, 
Warr unproclam'd.  The Princely Hierarch 
In thir bright stand, there left his Powers to seise 
Possession of the Garden; hee alone, 
To finde where ADAM shelterd, took his way, 
Not unperceav'd of ADAM, who to EVE, 
While the great Visitant approachd, thus spake. 
  EVE, now expect great tidings, which perhaps 
Of us will soon determin, or impose 
New Laws to be observ'd; for I descrie 
From yonder blazing Cloud that veils the Hill 
One of the heav'nly Host, and by his Gate 
None of the meanest, some great Potentate 
Or of the Thrones above, such Majestie 
Invests him coming; yet not terrible, 
That I should fear, nor sociably mild, 
As RAPHAEL, that I should much confide, 
But solemn and sublime, whom not to offend, 
With reverence I must meet, and thou retire. 
He ended; and th' Arch-Angel soon drew nigh, 
Not in his shape Celestial, but as Man 
Clad to meet Man; over his lucid Armes 
A militarie Vest of purple flowd 
Livelier then MELIBOEAN, or the graine 
Of SARRA, worn by Kings and Hero's old 
In time of Truce; IRIS had dipt the wooff; 
His starrie Helme unbuckl'd shew'd him prime 
In Manhood where Youth ended; by his side 
As in a glistering ZODIAC hung the Sword, 
Satans dire dread, and in his hand the Spear. 
ADAM bowd low, hee Kingly from his State 
Inclin'd not, but his coming thus declar'd. 
  ADAM, Heav'ns high behest no Preface needs: 
Sufficient that thy Prayers are heard, and Death, 
Then due by sentence when thou didst transgress, 
Defeated of his seisure many dayes 
Giv'n thee of Grace, wherein thou may'st repent, 
And one bad act with many deeds well done 
Mayst cover: well may then thy Lord appeas'd 
Redeem thee quite from Deaths rapacious claimes; 
But longer in this Paradise to dwell 
Permits not; to remove thee I am come, 
And send thee from the Garden forth to till 
The ground whence thou wast tak'n, fitter Soile. 
  He added not, for ADAM at the newes 
Heart-strook with chilling gripe of sorrow stood, 
That all his senses bound; EVE, who unseen 
Yet all had heard, with audible lament 
Discover'd soon the place of her retire. 
  O unexpected stroke, worse then of Death! 
Must I thus leave thee Paradise? thus leave 
Thee Native Soile, these happie Walks and Shades, 
Fit haunt of Gods? where I had hope to spend, 
Quiet though sad, the respit of that day 
That must be mortal to us both.  O flours, 
That never will in other Climate grow, 
My early visitation, and my last 
At Eev'n, which I bred up with tender hand 
From the first op'ning bud, and gave ye Names, 
Who now shall reare ye to the Sun, or ranke 
Your Tribes, and water from th' ambrosial Fount? 
Thee lastly nuptial Bowre, by mee adornd 
With what to sight or smell was sweet; from thee 
How shall I part, and whither wander down 
Into a lower World, to this obscure 
And wilde, how shall we breath in other Aire 
Less pure, accustomd to immortal Fruits? 
  Whom thus the Angel interrupted milde. 
Lament not EVE, but patiently resigne 
What justly thou hast lost; nor set thy heart, 
Thus over fond, on that which is not thine; 
Thy going is not lonely, with thee goes 
Thy Husband, him to follow thou art bound; 
Where he abides, think there thy native soile. 
  ADAM by this from the cold sudden damp 
Recovering, and his scatterd spirits returnd, 
To MICHAEL thus his humble words addressd. 
  Celestial, whether among the Thrones, or nam'd 
Of them the Highest, for such of shape may seem 
Prince above Princes, gently hast thou tould 
Thy message, which might else in telling wound, 
And in performing end us; what besides 
Of sorrow and dejection and despair 
Our frailtie can sustain, thy tidings bring, 
Departure from this happy place, our sweet 
Recess, and onely consolation left 
Familiar to our eyes, all places else 
Inhospitable appeer and desolate, 
Nor knowing us nor known: and if by prayer 
Incessant I could hope to change the will 
Of him who all things can, I would not cease 
To wearie him with my assiduous cries: 
But prayer against his absolute Decree 
No more availes then breath against the winde, 
Blown stifling back on him that breaths it forth: 
Therefore to his great bidding I submit. 
This most afflicts me, that departing hence, 
As from his face I shall be hid, deprivd 
His blessed count'nance; here I could frequent, 
With worship, place by place where he voutsaf'd 
Presence Divine, and to my Sons relate; 
On this Mount he appeerd, under this Tree 
Stood visible, among these Pines his voice 
I heard, here with him at this Fountain talk'd: 
So many grateful Altars I would reare 
Of grassie Terfe, and pile up every Stone 
Of lustre from the brook, in memorie, 
Or monument to Ages, and thereon 
Offer sweet smelling Gumms & Fruits and Flours: 
In yonder nether World where shall I seek 
His bright appearances, or footstep trace? 
For though I fled him angrie, yet recall'd 
To life prolongd and promisd Race, I now 
Gladly behold though but his utmost skirts 
Of glory, and farr off his steps adore. 
  To whom thus MICHAEL with regard benigne. 
ADAM, thou know'st Heav'n his, and all the Earth 
Not this Rock onely; his Omnipresence fills 
Land, Sea, and Aire, and every kinde that lives, 
Fomented by his virtual power and warmd: 
All th' Earth he gave thee to possess and rule, 
No despicable gift; surmise not then 
His presence to these narrow bounds confin'd 
Of Paradise or EDEN: this had been 
Perhaps thy Capital Seate, from whence had spred 
All generations, and had hither come 
From all the ends of th' Earth, to celebrate 
And reverence thee thir great Progenitor. 
But this praeeminence thou hast lost, brought down 
To dwell on eeven ground now with thy Sons: 
Yet doubt not but in Vallie and in Plaine 
God is as here, and will be found alike 
Present, and of his presence many a signe 
Still following thee, still compassing thee round 
With goodness and paternal Love, his Face 
Express, and of his steps the track Divine. 
Which that thou mayst beleeve, and be confirmd, 
Ere thou from hence depart, know I am sent 
To shew thee what shall come in future dayes 
To thee and to thy Ofspring; good with bad 
Expect to hear, supernal Grace contending 
With sinfulness of Men; thereby to learn 
True patience, and to temper joy with fear 
And pious sorrow, equally enur'd 
By moderation either state to beare, 
Prosperous or adverse: so shalt thou lead 
Safest thy life, and best prepar'd endure 
Thy mortal passage when it comes.  Ascend 
This Hill; let EVE (for I have drencht her eyes) 
Here sleep below while thou to foresight wak'st, 
As once thou slepst, while Shee to life was formd. 
  To whom thus ADAM gratefully repli'd. 
Ascend, I follow thee, safe Guide, the path 
Thou lead'st me, and to the hand of Heav'n submit, 
However chast'ning, to the evil turne 
My obvious breast, arming to overcom 
By suffering, and earne rest from labour won, 
If so I may attain.  So both ascend 
In the Visions of God:  It was a Hill 
Of Paradise the highest, from whose top 
The Hemisphere of Earth in cleerest Ken 
Stretcht out to amplest reach of prospect lay. 
Not higher that Hill nor wider looking round, 
Whereon for different cause the Tempter set 
Our second ADAM in the Wilderness, 
To shew him all Earths Kingdomes and thir Glory. 
His Eye might there command wherever stood 
City of old or modern Fame, the Seat 
Of mightiest Empire, from the destind Walls 
Of CAMBALU, seat of CATHAIAN CAN 
And SAMARCHAND by OXUS, TEMIRS Throne, 
To PAQUIN of SINAEAN Kings, and thence 
To AGRA and LAHOR of great MOGUL 
Down to the golden CHERSONESE, or where 
The PERSIAN in ECBATAN sate, or since 
In HISPAHAN, or where the RUSSIAN KSAR 
In MOSCO, or the Sultan in BIZANCE, 
TURCHESTAN-born; nor could his eye not ken 
Th' Empire of NEGUS to his utmost Port 
ERCOCO and the less Maritine Kings 
MOMBAZA, and QUILOA, and MELIND, 
And SOFALA thought OPHIR, to the Realme 
Of CONGO, and ANGOLA fardest South; 
Or thence from NIGER Flood to ATLAS Mount 
The Kingdoms of ALMANSOR, FEZ, and SUS, 
MAROCCO and ALGIERS, and TREMISEN; 
On EUROPE thence, and where ROME was to sway 
The VVorld: in Spirit perhaps he also saw 
Rich MEXICO the seat of MOTEZUME, 
And CUSCO in PERU, the richer seat 
Of ATABALIPA, and yet unspoil'd 
GUIANA, whose great Citie GERYONS Sons 
Call EL DORADO: but to nobler sights 
MICHAEL from ADAMS eyes the Filme remov'd 
VVhich that false Fruit that promis'd clearer sight 
Had bred; then purg'd with Euphrasie and Rue 
The visual Nerve, for he had much to see; 
And from the VVell of Life three drops instill'd. 
So deep the power of these Ingredients pierc'd, 
Eevn to the inmost seat of mental sight, 
That ADAM now enforc't to close his eyes, 
Sunk down and all his Spirits became intranst: 
But him the gentle Angel by the hand 
Soon rais'd, and his attention thus recall'd. 
  ADAM, now ope thine eyes, and first behold 
Th' effects which thy original crime hath wrought 
In some to spring from thee, who never touch'd 
Th' excepted Tree, nor with the Snake conspir'd, 
Nor sinn'd thy sin, yet from that sin derive 
Corruption to bring forth more violent deeds. 
  His eyes he op'nd, and beheld a field, 
Part arable and tilth, whereon were Sheaves 
New reapt, the other part sheep-walks and foulds; 
Ith' midst an Altar as the Land-mark stood 
Rustic, of grassie sord; thither anon 
A sweatie Reaper from his Tillage brought 
First Fruits, the green Eare, and the yellow Sheaf, 
Uncull'd, as came to hand; a Shepherd next 
More meek came with the Firstlings of his Flock 
Choicest and best; then sacrificing, laid 
The Inwards and thir Fat, with Incense strew'd, 
On the cleft Wood, and all due Rites perform'd. 
His Offring soon propitious Fire from Heav'n 
Consum'd with nimble glance, and grateful steame; 
The others not, for his was not sincere; 
Whereat hee inlie rag'd, and as they talk'd, 
Smote him into the Midriff with a stone 
That beat out life; he fell, and deadly pale 
Groand out his Soul with gushing bloud effus'd. 
Much at that sight was ADAM in his heart 
Dismai'd, and thus in haste to th' Angel cri'd. 
  O Teacher, some great mischief hath befall'n 
To that meek man, who well had sacrific'd; 
Is Pietie thus and pure Devotion paid? 
  T' whom MICHAEL thus, hee also mov'd, repli'd. 
These two are Brethren, ADAM, and to come 
Out of thy loyns; th' unjust the just hath slain, 
For envie that his Brothers Offering found 
From Heav'n acceptance; but the bloodie Fact 
Will be aveng'd, and th' others Faith approv'd 
Loose no reward, though here thou see him die, 
Rowling in dust and gore.  To which our Sire. 
  Alas, both for the deed and for the cause! 
But have I now seen Death?  Is this the way 
I must return to native dust?  O sight 
Of terrour, foul and ugly to behold, 
Horrid to think, how horrible to feel! 
  To whom thus MICHAEL.  Death thou hast seen 
In his first shape on man; but many shapes 
Of Death, and many are the wayes that lead 
To his grim Cave, all dismal; yet to sense 
More terrible at th' entrance then within. 
Some, as thou saw'st, by violent stroke shall die, 
By Fire, Flood, Famin, by Intemperance more 
In Meats and Drinks, which on the Earth shal bring 
Diseases dire, of which a monstrous crew 
Before thee shall appear; that thou mayst know 
What miserie th' inabstinence of EVE 
Shall bring on men.  Immediately a place 
Before his eyes appeard, sad, noysom, dark, 
A Lazar-house it seemd, wherein were laid 
Numbers of all diseas'd, all maladies 
Of gastly Spasm, or racking torture, qualmes 
Of heart-sick Agonie, all feavorous kinds, 
Convulsions, Epilepsies, fierce Catarrhs, 
Intestin Stone and Ulcer, Colic pangs, 
Dropsies, and Asthma's, and Joint-racking Rheums. 
Dire was the tossing, deep the groans, despair 
Tended the sick busiest from Couch to Couch; 
And over them triumphant Death his Dart 
Shook, but delaid to strike, though oft invok't 
With vows, as thir chief good, and final hope. 
Sight so deform what heart of Rock could long 
Drie-ey'd behold?  ADAM could not, but wept, 
Though not of Woman born; compassion quell'd 
His best of Man, and gave him up to tears 
A space, till firmer thoughts restraind excess, 
And scarce recovering words his plaint renew'd. 
  O miserable Mankind, to what fall 
Degraded, to what wretched state reserv'd? 
Better end heer unborn.  Why is life giv'n 
To be thus wrested from us? rather why 
Obtruded on us thus? who if we knew 
What we receive, would either not accept 
Life offer'd, or soon beg to lay it down, 
Glad to be so dismist in peace.  Can thus 
Th' Image of God in man created once 
So goodly and erect, though faultie since, 
To such unsightly sufferings be debas't 
Under inhuman pains?  Why should not Man, 
Retaining still Divine similitude 
In part, from such deformities be free, 
And for his Makers Image sake exempt? 
  Thir Makers Image, answerd MICHAEL, then 
Forsook them, when themselves they villifi'd 
To serve ungovern'd appetite, and took 
His Image whom they serv'd, a brutish vice, 
Inductive mainly to the sin of EVE. 
Therefore so abject is thir punishment, 
Disfiguring not Gods likeness, but thir own, 
Or if his likeness, by themselves defac't 
While they pervert pure Natures healthful rules 
To loathsom sickness, worthily, since they 
Gods Image did not reverence in themselves. 
  I yeild it just, said ADAM, and submit. 
But is there yet no other way, besides 
These painful passages, how we may come 
To Death, and mix with our connatural dust? 
  There is, said MICHAEL, if thou well observe 
The rule of not too much, by temperance taught 
In what thou eatst and drinkst, seeking from thence 
Due nourishment, not gluttonous delight, 
Till many years over thy head return: 
So maist thou live, till like ripe Fruit thou drop 
Into thy Mothers lap, or be with ease 
Gatherd, not harshly pluckt, for death mature: 
This is old age; but then thou must outlive 
Thy youth, thy strength, thy beauty, which will change 
To witherd weak & gray; thy Senses then 
Obtuse, all taste of pleasure must forgoe, 
To what thou hast, and for the Aire of youth 
Hopeful and cheerful, in thy blood will reigne 
A melancholly damp of cold and dry 
To waigh thy spirits down, and last consume 
The Balme of Life.  To whom our Ancestor. 
  Henceforth I flie not Death, nor would prolong 
Life much, bent rather how I may be quit 
Fairest and easiest of this combrous charge, 
Which I must keep till my appointed day 
Of rendring up.  MICHAEL to him repli'd. 
  Nor love thy Life, nor hate; but what thou livst 
Live well, how long or short permit to Heav'n: 
And now prepare thee for another sight. 
  He lookd and saw a spacious Plaine, whereon 
Were Tents of various hue; by some were herds 
Of Cattel grazing: others, whence the sound 
Of Instruments that made melodious chime 
Was heard, of Harp and Organ; and who moovd 
Thir stops and chords was seen: his volant touch 
Instinct through all proportions low and high 
Fled and pursu'd transverse the resonant fugue. 
In other part stood one who at the Forge 
Labouring, two massie clods of Iron and Brass 
Had melted (whether found where casual fire 
Had wasted woods on Mountain or in Vale, 
Down to the veins of Earth, thence gliding hot 
To som Caves mouth, or whether washt by stream 
From underground) the liquid Ore he dreind 
Into fit moulds prepar'd; from which he formd 
First his own Tooles; then, what might else be wrought 
Fulfil or grav'n in mettle.  After these, 
But on the hether side a different sort 
From the high neighbouring Hills, which was thir Seat, 
Down to the Plain descended: by thir guise 
Just men they seemd, and all thir study bent 
To worship God aright, and know his works 
Not hid, nor those things lost which might preserve 
Freedom and Peace to men: they on the Plain 
Long had not walkt, when from the Tents behold 
A Beavie of fair Women, richly gay 
In Gems and wanton dress; to the Harp they sung 
Soft amorous Ditties, and in dance came on: 
The Men though grave, ey'd them, and let thir eyes 
Rove without rein, till in the amorous Net 
Fast caught, they lik'd, and each his liking chose; 
And now of love they treat till th' Eevning Star 
Loves Harbinger appeerd; then all in heat 
They light the Nuptial Torch, and bid invoke 
Hymen, then first to marriage Rites invok't; 
With Feast and Musick all the Tents resound. 
Such happy interview and fair event 
Of love & youth not lost, Songs, Garlands, Flours, 
And charming Symphonies attach'd the heart 
Of ADAM, soon enclin'd to admit delight, 
The bent of Nature; which he thus express'd. 
  True opener of mine eyes, prime Angel blest, 
Much better seems this Vision, and more hope 
Of peaceful dayes portends, then those two past; 
Those were of hate and death, or pain much worse, 
Here Nature seems fulfilld in all her ends. 
  To whom thus MICHAEL.  Judg not what is best 
By pleasure, though to Nature seeming meet, 
Created, as thou art, to nobler end 
Holie and pure, conformitie divine. 
Those Tents thou sawst so pleasant, were the Tents 
Of wickedness, wherein shall dwell his Race 
Who slew his Brother; studious they appere 
Of Arts that polish Life, Inventers rare, 
Unmindful of thir Maker, though his Spirit 
Taught them, but they his gifts acknowledg'd none. 
Yet they a beauteous ofspring shall beget; 
For that fair femal Troop thou sawst, that seemd 
Of Goddesses, so blithe, so smooth, so gay, 
Yet empty of all good wherein consists 
Womans domestic honour and chief praise; 
Bred onely and completed to the taste 
Of lustful apperence, to sing, to dance, 
To dress, and troule the Tongue, and roule the Eye. 
To these that sober Race of Men, whose lives 
Religious titl'd them the Sons of God, 
Shall yeild up all thir vertue, all thir fame 
Ignobly, to the trains and to the smiles 
Of these fair Atheists, and now swim in joy, 
(Erelong to swim at larg) and laugh; for which 
The world erelong a world of tears must weepe. 
  To whom thus ADAM of short joy bereft. 
O pittie and shame, that they who to live well 
Enterd so faire, should turn aside to tread 
Paths indirect, or in the mid way faint! 
But still I see the tenor of Mans woe 
Holds on the same, from Woman to begin. 
  From Mans effeminate slackness it begins, 
Said th' Angel, who should better hold his place 
By wisdome, and superiour gifts receavd. 
But now prepare thee for another Scene. 
  He lookd and saw wide Territorie spred 
Before him, Towns, and rural works between, 
Cities of Men with lofty Gates and Towrs, 
Concours in Arms, fierce Faces threatning Warr, 
Giants of mightie Bone, and bould emprise; 
Part wield thir Arms, part courb the foaming Steed, 
Single or in Array of Battel rang'd 
Both Horse and Foot, nor idely mustring stood; 
One way a Band select from forage drives 
A herd of Beeves, faire Oxen and faire Kine 
From a fat Meddow ground; or fleecy Flock, 
Ewes and thir bleating Lambs over the Plaine, 
Thir Bootie; scarce with Life the Shepherds flye, 
But call in aide, which tacks a bloody Fray; 
With cruel Tournament the Squadrons joine; 
Where Cattel pastur'd late, now scatterd lies 
With Carcasses and Arms th' ensanguind Field 
Deserted: Others to a Citie strong 
Lay Siege, encampt; by Batterie, Scale, and Mine, 
Assaulting; others from the Wall defend 
With Dart and Jav'lin, Stones and sulfurous Fire; 
On each hand slaughter and gigantic deeds. 
In other part the scepter'd Haralds call 
To Council in the Citie Gates: anon 
Grey-headed men and grave, with Warriours mixt, 
Assemble, and Harangues are heard, but soon 
In factious opposition, till at last 
Of middle Age one rising, eminent 
In wise deport, spake much of Right and Wrong, 
Of Justice, of Religion, Truth and Peace, 
And Judgement from above: him old and young 
Exploded, and had seiz'd with violent hands, 
Had not a Cloud descending snatch'd him thence 
Unseen amid the throng: so violence 
Proceeded, and Oppression, and Sword-Law 
Through all the Plain, and refuge none was found. 
ADAM was all in tears, and to his guide 
Lamenting turnd full sad; O what are these, 
Deaths Ministers, not Men, who thus deal Death 
Inhumanly to men, and multiply 
Ten thousand fould the sin of him who slew 
His Brother; for of whom such massacher 
Make they but of thir Brethren, men of men? 
But who was that Just Man, whom had not Heav'n 
Rescu'd, had in his Righteousness bin lost? 
  To whom thus MICHAEL; These are the product 
Of those ill-mated Marriages thou saw'st; 
Where good with bad were matcht, who of themselves 
Abhor to joyn; and by imprudence mixt, 
Produce prodigious Births of bodie or mind. 
Such were these Giants, men of high renown; 
For in those dayes Might onely shall be admir'd, 
And Valour and Heroic Vertu call'd; 
To overcome in Battel, and subdue 
Nations, and bring home spoils with infinite 
Man-slaughter, shall be held the highest pitch 
Of human Glorie, and for Glorie done 
Of triumph, to be styl'd great Conquerours, 
Patrons of Mankind, Gods, and Sons of Gods, 
Destroyers rightlier call'd and Plagues of men. 
Thus Fame shall be achiev'd, renown on Earth, 
And what most merits fame in silence hid. 
But hee the seventh from thee, whom thou beheldst 
The onely righteous in a World perverse, 
And therefore hated, therefore so beset 
With Foes for daring single to be just, 
And utter odious Truth, that God would come 
To judge them with his Saints: Him the most High 
Rapt in a balmie Cloud with winged Steeds 
Did, as thou sawst, receave, to walk with God 
High in Salvation and the Climes of bliss, 
Exempt from Death; to shew thee what reward 
Awaits the good, the rest what punishment; 
Which now direct thine eyes and soon behold. 
  He look'd, & saw the face of things quite chang'd; 
The brazen Throat of Warr had ceast to roar, 
All now was turn'd to jollitie and game, 
To luxurie and riot, feast and dance, 
Marrying or prostituting, as befell, 
Rape or Adulterie, where passing faire 
Allurd them; thence from Cups to civil Broiles. 
At length a Reverend Sire among them came, 
And of thir doings great dislike declar'd, 
And testifi'd against thir wayes; hee oft 
Frequented thir Assemblies, whereso met, 
Triumphs or Festivals, and to them preachd 
Conversion and Repentance, as to Souls 
In prison under Judgements imminent: 
But all in vain: which when he saw, he ceas'd 
Contending, and remov'd his Tents farr off; 
Then from the Mountain hewing Timber tall, 
Began to build a Vessel of huge bulk, 
Measur'd by Cubit, length, & breadth, and highth, 
Smeard round with Pitch, and in the side a dore 
Contriv'd, and of provisions laid in large 
For Man and Beast: when loe a wonder strange! 
Of everie Beast, and Bird, and Insect small 
Came seavens, and pairs, and enterd in, as taught 
Thir order; last the Sire, and his three Sons 
With thir four Wives, and God made fast the dore. 
Meanwhile the Southwind rose, & with black wings 
Wide hovering, all the Clouds together drove 
From under Heav'n; the Hills to their supplie 
Vapour, and Exhalation dusk and moist, 
Sent up amain; and now the thick'nd Skie 
Like a dark Ceeling stood; down rush'd the Rain 
Impetuous, and continu'd till the Earth 
No more was seen; the floating Vessel swum 
Uplifted; and secure with beaked prow 
Rode tilting o're the Waves, all dwellings else 
Flood overwhelmd, and them with all thir pomp 
Deep under water rould; Sea cover'd Sea, 
Sea without shoar; and in thir Palaces 
Where luxurie late reign'd, Sea-monsters whelp'd 
And stabl'd; of Mankind, so numerous late, 
All left, in one small bottom swum imbark't. 
How didst thou grieve then, ADAM, to behold 
The end of all thy Ofspring, end so sad, 
Depopulation; thee another Floud, 
Of tears and sorrow a Floud thee also drown'd, 
And sunk thee as thy Sons; till gently reard 
By th' Angel, on thy feet thou stoodst at last, 
Though comfortless, as when a Father mourns 
His Childern, all in view destroyd at once; 
And scarce to th' Angel utterdst thus thy plaint. 
  O Visions ill foreseen! better had I 
Liv'd ignorant of future, so had borne 
My part of evil onely, each dayes lot 
Anough to bear; those now, that were dispenst 
The burd'n of many Ages, on me light 
At once, by my foreknowledge gaining Birth 
Abortive, to torment me ere thir being, 
With thought that they must be.  Let no man seek 
Henceforth to be foretold what shall befall 
Him or his Childern, evil he may be sure, 
Which neither his foreknowing can prevent, 
And hee the future evil shall no less 
In apprehension then in substance feel 
Grievous to bear: but that care now is past, 
Man is not whom to warne: those few escap't 
Famin and anguish will at last consume 
Wandring that watrie Desert: I had hope 
When violence was ceas't, and Warr on Earth, 
All would have then gon well, peace would have crownd 
With length of happy days the race of man; 
But I was farr deceav'd; for now I see 
Peace to corrupt no less then Warr to waste. 
How comes it thus? unfould, Celestial Guide, 
And whether here the Race of man will end. 
To whom thus MICHAEL.  Those whom last thou sawst 
In triumph and luxurious wealth, are they 
First seen in acts of prowess eminent 
And great exploits, but of true vertu void; 
Who having spilt much blood, and don much waste 
Subduing Nations, and achievd thereby 
Fame in the World, high titles, and rich prey, 
Shall change thir course to pleasure, ease, and sloth, 
Surfet, and lust, till wantonness and pride 
Raise out of friendship hostil deeds in Peace. 
The conquerd also, and enslav'd by Warr 
Shall with thir freedom lost all vertu loose 
And feare of God, from whom thir pietie feign'd 
In sharp contest of Battel found no aide 
Against invaders; therefore coold in zeale 
Thenceforth shall practice how to live secure, 
Worldlie or dissolute, on what thir Lords 
Shall leave them to enjoy; for th' Earth shall bear 
More then anough, that temperance may be tri'd: 
So all shall turn degenerate, all deprav'd, 
Justice and Temperance, Truth and Faith forgot; 
One Man except, the onely Son of light 
In a dark Age, against example good, 
Against allurement, custom, and a World 
Offended; fearless of reproach and scorn, 
Or violence, hee of thir wicked wayes 
Shall them admonish, and before them set 
The paths of righteousness, how much more safe, 
And full of peace, denouncing wrauth to come 
On thir impenitence; and shall returne 
Of them derided, but of God observd 
The one just Man alive; by his command 
Shall build a wondrous Ark, as thou beheldst, 
To save himself and houshold from amidst 
A World devote to universal rack. 
No sooner hee with them of Man and Beast 
Select for life shall in the Ark be lodg'd, 
And shelterd round, but all the Cataracts 
Of Heav'n set open on the Earth shall powre 
Raine day and night, all fountaines of the Deep 
Broke up, shall heave the Ocean to usurp 
Beyond all bounds, till inundation rise 
Above the highest Hills: then shall this Mount 
Of Paradise by might of Waves be moovd 
Out of his place, pushd by the horned floud, 
With all his verdure spoil'd, and Trees adrift 
Down the great River to the op'ning Gulf, 
And there take root an Iland salt and bare, 
The haunt of Seales and Orcs, and Sea-mews clang. 
To teach thee that God attributes to place 
No sanctitie, if none be thither brought 
By Men who there frequent, or therein dwell. 
And now what further shall ensue, behold. 
  He lookd, and saw the Ark hull on the floud, 
Which now abated, for the Clouds were fled, 
Drivn by a keen North-winde, that blowing drie 
Wrinkl'd the face of Deluge, as decai'd; 
And the cleer Sun on his wide watrie Glass 
Gaz'd hot, and of the fresh Wave largely drew, 
As after thirst, which made thir flowing shrink 
From standing lake to tripping ebbe, that stole 
With soft foot towards the deep, who now had stopt 
His Sluces, as the Heav'n his windows shut. 
The Ark no more now flotes, but seems on ground 
Fast on the top of som high mountain fixt. 
And now the tops of Hills as Rocks appeer; 
With clamor thence the rapid Currents drive 
Towards the retreating Sea thir furious tyde. 
Forthwith from out the Arke a Raven flies, 
And after him, the surer messenger, 
A Dove sent forth once and agen to spie 
Green Tree or ground whereon his foot may light; 
The second time returning, in his Bill 
An Olive leafe he brings, pacific signe: 
Anon drie ground appeers, and from his Arke 
The ancient Sire descends with all his Train; 
Then with uplifted hands, and eyes devout, 
Grateful to Heav'n, over his head beholds 
A dewie Cloud, and in the Cloud a Bow 
Conspicuous with three lifted colours gay, 
Betok'ning peace from God, and Cov'nant new. 
Whereat the heart of ADAM erst so sad 
Greatly rejoyc'd, and thus his joy broke forth. 
  O thou that future things canst represent 
As present, Heav'nly instructer, I revive 
At this last sight, assur'd that Man shall live 
With all the Creatures, and thir seed preserve. 
Farr less I now lament for one whole World 
Of wicked Sons destroyd, then I rejoyce 
For one Man found so perfet and so just, 
That God voutsafes to raise another World 
From him, and all his anger to forget. 
But say, what mean those colourd streaks in Heavn, 
Distended as the Brow of God appeas'd, 
Or serve they as a flourie verge to binde 
The fluid skirts of that same watrie Cloud, 
Least it again dissolve and showr the Earth? 
  To whom th' Archangel.  Dextrously thou aim'st; 
So willingly doth God remit his Ire, 
Though late repenting him of Man deprav'd, 
Griev'd at his heart, when looking down he saw 
The whole Earth fill'd with violence, and all flesh 
Corrupting each thir way; yet those remoov'd, 
Such grace shall one just Man find in his sight, 
That he relents, not to blot out mankind, 
And makes a Covenant never to destroy 
The Earth again by flood, nor let the Sea 
Surpass his bounds, nor Rain to drown the World 
With Man therein or Beast; but when he brings 
Over the Earth a Cloud, will therein set 
His triple-colour'd Bow, whereon to look 
And call to mind his Cov'nant: Day and Night, 
Seed time and Harvest, Heat and hoary Frost 
Shall hold thir course, till fire purge all things new, 
Both Heav'n and Earth, wherein the just shall dwell. 
Thus thou hast seen one World begin and end; 
And Man as from a second stock proceed. 
Much thou hast yet to see, but I perceave 
Thy mortal sight to faile; objects divine 
Must needs impaire and wearie human sense: 
Henceforth what is to com I will relate, 
Thou therefore give due audience, and attend. 
This second sours of Men, while yet but few, 
And while the dread of judgement past remains 
Fresh in thir mindes, fearing the Deitie, 
With some regard to what is just and right 
Shall lead thir lives, and multiplie apace, 
Labouring the soile, and reaping plenteous crop, 
Corn wine and oyle; and from the herd or flock, 
Oft sacrificing Bullock, Lamb, or Kid, 
With large Wine-offerings pour'd, and sacred Feast 
Shal spend thir dayes in joy unblam'd, and dwell 
Long time in peace by Families and Tribes 
Under paternal rule; till one shall rise 
Of proud ambitious heart, who not content 
With fair equalitie, fraternal state, 
Will arrogate Dominion undeserv'd 
Over his brethren, and quite dispossess 
Concord and law of Nature from the Earth; 
Hunting (and Men not Beasts shall be his game) 
With Warr and hostile snare such as refuse 
Subjection to his Empire tyrannous: 
A mightie Hunter thence he shall be styl'd 
Before the Lord, as in despite of Heav'n, 
Or from Heav'n claming second Sovrantie; 
And from Rebellion shall derive his name, 
Though of Rebellion others he accuse. 
Hee with a crew, whom like Ambition joyns 
With him or under him to tyrannize, 
Marching from EDEN towards the West, shall finde 
The Plain, wherein a black bituminous gurge 
Boiles out from under ground, the mouth of Hell; 
Of Brick, and of that stuff they cast to build 
A Citie & Towre, whose top may reach to Heav'n; 
And get themselves a name, least far disperst 
In foraign Lands thir memorie be lost, 
Regardless whether good or evil fame. 
But God who oft descends to visit men 
Unseen, and through thir habitations walks 
To mark thir doings, them beholding soon, 
Comes down to see thir Citie, ere the Tower 
Obstruct Heav'n Towrs, and in derision sets 
Upon thir Tongues a various Spirit to rase 
Quite out thir Native Language, and instead 
To sow a jangling noise of words unknown: 
Forthwith a hideous gabble rises loud 
Among the Builders; each to other calls 
Not understood, till hoarse, and all in rage, 
As mockt they storm; great laughter was in Heav'n 
And looking down, to see the hubbub strange 
And hear the din; thus was the building left 
Ridiculous, and the work Confusion nam'd. 
  Whereto thus ADAM fatherly displeas'd. 
O execrable Son so to aspire 
Above his Brethren, to himself affirming 
Authoritie usurpt, from God not giv'n: 
He gave us onely over Beast, Fish, Fowl 
Dominion absolute; that right we hold 
By his donation; but Man over men 
He made not Lord; such title to himself 
Reserving, human left from human free. 
But this Usurper his encroachment proud 
Stayes not on Man; to God his Tower intends 
Siege and defiance: Wretched man! what food 
Will he convey up thither to sustain 
Himself and his rash Armie, where thin Aire 
Above the Clouds will pine his entrails gross, 
And famish him of Breath, if not of Bread? 
  To whom thus MICHAEL.  Justly thou abhorr'st 
That Son, who on the quiet state of men 
Such trouble brought, affecting to subdue 
Rational Libertie; yet know withall, 
Since thy original lapse, true Libertie 
Is lost, which alwayes with right Reason dwells 
Twinn'd, and from her hath no dividual being: 
Reason in man obscur'd, or not obeyd, 
Immediately inordinate desires 
And upstart Passions catch the Government 
From Reason, and to servitude reduce 
Man till then free.  Therefore since hee permits 
Within himself unworthie Powers to reign 
Over free Reason, God in Judgement just 
Subjects him from without to violent Lords; 
Who oft as undeservedly enthrall 
His outward freedom: Tyrannie must be, 
Though to the Tyrant thereby no excuse. 
Yet somtimes Nations will decline so low 
From vertue, which is reason, that no wrong, 
But Justice, and some fatal curse annext 
Deprives them of thir outward libertie, 
Thir inward lost: Witness th' irreverent Son 
Of him who built the Ark, who for the shame 
Don to his Father, heard this heavie curse, 
SERVANT OF SERVANTS, on his vitious Race. 
Thus will this latter, as the former World, 
Still tend from bad to worse, till God at last 
Wearied with their iniquities, withdraw 
His presence from among them, and avert 
His holy Eyes; resolving from thenceforth 
To leave them to thir own polluted wayes; 
And one peculiar Nation to select 
From all the rest, of whom to be invok'd, 
A Nation from one faithful man to spring: 
Him on this side EUPHRATES yet residing, 
Bred up in Idol-worship; O that men 
(Canst thou believe?) should be so stupid grown, 
While yet the Patriark liv'd, who scap'd the Flood, 
As to forsake the living God, and fall 
To-worship thir own work in Wood and Stone 
For Gods! yet him God the most High voutsafes 
To call by Vision from his Fathers house, 
His kindred and false Gods, into a Land 
Which he will shew him, and from him will raise 
A mightie Nation, and upon him showre 
His benediction so, that in his Seed 
All Nations shall be blest; hee straight obeys, 
Not knowing to what Land, yet firm believes: 
I see him, but thou canst not, with what Faith 
He leaves his Gods, his Friends, and native Soile 
UR of CHALDAEA, passing now the Ford 
To HARAN, after him a cumbrous Train 
Of Herds and Flocks, and numerous servitude; 
Not wandring poor, but trusting all his wealth 
With God, who call'd him, in a land unknown. 
CANAAN he now attains, I see his Tents 
Pitcht about SECHEM, and the neighbouring Plaine 
Of MOREB; there by promise he receaves 
Gift to his Progenie of all that Land; 
From HAMATH Northward to the Desert South 
(Things by thir names I call, though yet unnam'd) 
From HERMON East to the great Western Sea, 
Mount HERMON, yonder Sea, each place behold 
In prospect, as I point them; on the shoare 
Mount CARMEL; here the double-founted stream 
JORDAN, true limit Eastward; but his Sons 
Shall dwell to SENIR, that long ridge of Hills. 
This ponder, that all Nations of the Earth 
Shall in his Seed be blessed; by that Seed 
Is meant thy great deliverer, who shall bruise 
The Serpents head; whereof to thee anon 
Plainlier shall be reveald.  This Patriarch blest, 
Whom FAITHFUL ABRAHAM due time shall call, 
A Son, and of his Son a Grand-childe leaves, 
Like him in faith, in wisdom, and renown; 
The Grandchilde with twelve Sons increast, departs 
From CANAAN, to a Land hereafter call'd 
EGYPT, divided by the River NILE; 
See where it flows, disgorging at seaven mouthes 
Into the Sea: to sojourn in that Land 
He comes invited by a yonger Son 
In time of dearth, a Son whose worthy deeds 
Raise him to be the second in that Realme 
Of PHARAO: there he dies, and leaves his Race 
Growing into a Nation, and now grown 
Suspected to a sequent King, who seeks 
To stop thir overgrowth, as inmate guests 
Too numerous; whence of guests he makes them slaves 
Inhospitably, and kills thir infant Males: 
Till by two brethren (those two brethren call 
MOSES and AARON) sent from God to claime 
His people from enthralment, they return 
With glory and spoile back to thir promis'd Land. 
But first the lawless Tyrant, who denies 
To know thir God, or message to regard, 
Must be compelld by Signes and Judgements dire; 
To blood unshed the Rivers must be turnd, 
Frogs, Lice and Flies must all his Palace fill 
With loath'd intrusion, and fill all the land; 
His Cattel must of Rot and Murren die, 
Botches and blaines must all his flesh imboss, 
And all his people; Thunder mixt with Haile, 
Haile mixt with fire must rend th' EGYPTIAN Skie 
And wheel on th' Earth, devouring where it rouls; 
What it devours not, Herb, or Fruit, or Graine, 
A darksom Cloud of Locusts swarming down 
Must eat, and on the ground leave nothing green: 
Darkness must overshadow all his bounds, 
Palpable darkness, and blot out three dayes; 
Last with one midnight stroke all the first-born 
Of EGYPT must lie dead.  Thus with ten wounds 
This River-dragon tam'd at length submits 
To let his sojourners depart, and oft 
Humbles his stubborn heart, but still as Ice 
More hard'nd after thaw, till in his rage 
Pursuing whom he late dismissd, the Sea 
Swallows him with his Host, but them lets pass 
As on drie land between two christal walls, 
Aw'd by the rod of MOSES so to stand 
Divided, till his rescu'd gain thir shoar: 
Such wondrous power God to his Saint will lend, 
Though present in his Angel, who shall goe 
Before them in a Cloud, and Pillar of Fire, 
To guide them in thir journey, and remove 
Behinde them, while th' obdurat King pursues: 
All night he will pursue, but his approach 
Darkness defends between till morning Watch; 
Then through the Firey Pillar and the Cloud 
God looking forth will trouble all his Host 
And craze thir Chariot wheels: when by command 
MOSES once more his potent Rod extends 
Over the Sea; the Sea his Rod obeys; 
On thir imbattelld ranks the Waves return, 
And overwhelm thir Warr: the Race elect 
Safe towards CANAAN from the shoar advance 
Through the wilde Desert, not the readiest way, 
Least entring on the CANAANITE allarmd 
Warr terrifie them inexpert, and feare 
Return them back to EGYPT, choosing rather 
Inglorious life with servitude; for life 
To noble and ignoble is more sweet 
Untraind in Armes, where rashness leads not on. 
This also shall they gain by thir delay 
In the wide Wilderness, there they shall found 
Thir government, and thir great Senate choose 
Through the twelve Tribes, to rule by Laws ordaind: 
God from the Mount of SINAI, whose gray top 
Shall tremble, he descending, will himself 
In Thunder Lightning and loud Trumpets sound 
Ordaine them Lawes; part such as appertaine 
To civil Justice, part religious Rites 
Of sacrifice, informing them, by types 
And shadowes, of that destind Seed to bruise 
The Serpent, by what meanes he shall achieve 
Mankinds deliverance.  But the voice of God 
To mortal eare is dreadful; they beseech 
That MOSES might report to them his will, 
And terror cease; he grants them thir desire, 
Instructed that to God is no access 
Without Mediator, whose high Office now 
MOSES in figure beares, to introduce 
One greater, of whose day he shall foretell, 
And all the Prophets in thir Age the times 
Of great MESSIAH shall sing.  Thus Laws and Rites 
Establisht, such delight hath God in Men 
Obedient to his will, that he voutsafes 
Among them to set up his Tabernacle, 
The holy One with mortal Men to dwell: 
By his prescript a Sanctuary is fram'd 
Of Cedar, overlaid with Gold, therein 
An Ark, and in the Ark his Testimony, 
The Records of his Cov'nant, over these 
A Mercie-seat of Gold between the wings 
Of two bright Cherubim, before him burn 
Seaven Lamps as in a Zodiac representing 
The Heav'nly fires; over the Tent a Cloud 
Shall rest by Day, a fierie gleame by Night, 
Save when they journie, and at length they come, 
Conducted by his Angel to the Land 
Promisd to ABRAHAM and his Seed: the rest 
Were long to tell, how many Battels fought, 
How many Kings destroyd, and Kingdoms won, 
Or how the Sun shall in mid Heav'n stand still 
A day entire, and Nights due course adjourne, 
Mans voice commanding, Sun in GIBEON stand, 
And thou Moon in the vale of AIALON, 
Till ISRAEL overcome; so call the third 
From ABRAHAM, Son of ISAAC, and from him 
His whole descent, who thus shall CANAAN win. 
  Here ADAM interpos'd.  O sent from Heav'n, 
Enlightner of my darkness, gracious things 
Thou hast reveald, those chiefly which concerne 
Just ABRAHAM and his Seed: now first I finde 
Mine eyes true op'ning, and my heart much eas'd, 
Erwhile perplext with thoughts what would becom 
Of mee and all Mankind; but now I see 
His day, in whom all Nations shall be blest, 
Favour unmerited by me, who sought 
Forbidd'n knowledge by forbidd'n means. 
This yet I apprehend not, why to those 
Among whom God will deigne to dwell on Earth 
So many and so various Laws are giv'n; 
So many Laws argue so many sins 
Among them; how can God with such reside? 
  To whom thus MICHAEL.  Doubt not but that sin 
Will reign among them, as of thee begot; 
And therefore was Law given them to evince 
Thir natural pravitie, by stirring up 
Sin against Law to fight; that when they see 
Law can discover sin, but not remove, 
Save by those shadowie expiations weak, 
The bloud of Bulls and Goats, they may conclude 
Some bloud more precious must be paid for Man, 
Just for unjust, that in such righteousness 
To them by Faith imputed, they may finde 
Justification towards God, and peace 
Of Conscience, which the Law by Ceremonies 
Cannot appease, nor Man the moral part 
Perform, and not performing cannot live. 
So Law appears imperfet, and but giv'n 
With purpose to resign them in full time 
Up to a better Cov'nant, disciplin'd 
From shadowie Types to Truth, from Flesh to Spirit, 
From imposition of strict Laws, to free 
Acceptance of large Grace, from servil fear 
To filial, works of Law to works of Faith. 
And therefore shall not MOSES, though of God 
Highly belov'd, being but the Minister 
Of Law, his people into CANAAN lead; 
But JOSHUA whom the Gentiles JESUS call, 
His Name and Office bearing, who shall quell 
The adversarie Serpent, and bring back 
Through the worlds wilderness long wanderd man 
Safe to eternal Paradise of rest. 
Meanwhile they in thir earthly CANAAN plac't 
Long time shall dwell and prosper, but when sins 
National interrupt thir public peace, 
Provoking God to raise them enemies: 
From whom as oft he saves them penitent 
By Judges first, then under Kings; of whom 
The second, both for pietie renownd 
And puissant deeds, a promise shall receive 
Irrevocable, that his Regal Throne 
For ever shall endure; the like shall sing 
All Prophecie, That of the Royal Stock 
Of DAVID (so I name this King) shall rise 
A Son, the Womans Seed to thee foretold, 
Foretold to ABRAHAM, as in whom shall trust 
All Nations, and to Kings foretold, of Kings 
The last, for of his Reign shall be no end. 
But first a long succession must ensue, 
And his next Son for Wealth and Wisdom fam'd, 
The clouded Ark of God till then in Tents 
Wandring, shall in a glorious Temple enshrine. 
Such follow him, as shall be registerd 
Part good, part bad, of bad the longer scrowle, 
Whose foul Idolatries, and other faults 
Heapt to the popular summe, will so incense 
God, as to leave them, and expose thir Land, 
Thir Citie, his Temple, and his holy Ark 
With all his sacred things, a scorn and prey 
To that proud Citie, whose high Walls thou saw'st 
Left in confusion, BABYLON thence call'd. 
There in captivitie he lets them dwell 
The space of seventie years, then brings them back, 
Remembring mercie, and his Cov'nant sworn 
To DAVID, stablisht as the dayes of Heav'n. 
Returnd from BABYLON by leave of Kings 
Thir Lords, whom God dispos'd, the house of God 
They first re-edifie, and for a while 
In mean estate live moderate, till grown 
In wealth and multitude, factious they grow; 
But first among the Priests dissension springs, 
Men who attend the Altar, and should most 
Endeavour Peace: thir strife pollution brings 
Upon the Temple it self: at last they seise 
The Scepter, and regard not DAVIDS Sons, 
Then loose it to a stranger, that the true 
Anointed King MESSIAH might be born 
Barr'd of his right; yet at his Birth a Starr 
Unseen before in Heav'n proclaims him com, 
And guides the Eastern Sages, who enquire 
His place, to offer Incense, Myrrh, and Gold; 
His place of birth a solemn Angel tells 
To simple Shepherds, keeping watch by night; 
They gladly thither haste, and by a Quire 
Of squadrond Angels hear his Carol sung. 
A Virgin is his Mother, but his Sire 
The Power of the most High; he shall ascend 
The Throne hereditarie, and bound his Reign 
With earths wide bounds, his glory with the Heav'ns. 
  He ceas'd, discerning ADAM with such joy 
Surcharg'd, as had like grief bin dew'd in tears, 
Without the vent of words, which these he breathd. 
  O Prophet of glad tidings, finisher 
Of utmost hope! now clear I understand 
What oft my steddiest thoughts have searcht in vain, 
Why our great expectation should be call'd 
The seed of Woman: Virgin Mother, Haile, 
High in the love of Heav'n, yet from my Loynes 
Thou shalt proceed, and from thy Womb the Son 
Of God most High; So God with man unites. 
Needs must the Serpent now his capital bruise 
Expect with mortal paine: say where and when 
Thir fight, what stroke shall bruise the Victors heel. 
  To whom thus MICHAEL.  Dream not of thir fight, 
As of a Duel, or the local wounds 
Of head or heel: not therefore joynes the Son 
Manhood to God-head, with more strength to foil 
Thy enemie; nor so is overcome 
SATAN, whose fall from Heav'n, a deadlier bruise, 
Disabl'd not to give thee thy deaths wound: 
Which hee, who comes thy Saviour, shall recure, 
Not by destroying SATAN, but his works 
In thee and in thy Seed: nor can this be, 
But by fulfilling that which thou didst want, 
Obedience to the Law of God, impos'd 
On penaltie of death, and suffering death, 
The penaltie to thy transgression due, 
And due to theirs which out of thine will grow: 
So onely can high Justice rest appaid. 
The Law of God exact he shall fulfill 
Both by obedience and by love, though love 
Alone fulfill the Law; thy punishment 
He shall endure by coming in the Flesh 
To a reproachful life and cursed death, 
Proclaiming Life to all who shall believe 
In his redemption, and that his obedience 
Imputed becomes theirs by Faith, his merits 
To save them, not thir own, though legal works. 
For this he shall live hated, be blasphem'd, 
Seis'd on by force, judg'd, and to death condemnd 
A shameful and accurst, naild to the Cross 
By his own Nation, slaine for bringing Life; 
But to the Cross he nailes thy Enemies, 
The Law that is against thee, and the sins 
Of all mankinde, with him there crucifi'd, 
Never to hurt them more who rightly trust 
In this his satisfaction; so he dies, 
But soon revives, Death over him no power 
Shall long usurp; ere the third dawning light 
Returne, the Starres of Morn shall see him rise 
Out of his grave, fresh as the dawning light, 
Thy ransom paid, which Man from death redeems, 
His death for Man, as many as offerd Life 
Neglect not, and the benefit imbrace 
By Faith not void of works: this God-like act 
Annuls thy doom, the death thou shouldst have dy'd, 
In sin for ever lost from life; this act 
Shall bruise the head of SATAN, crush his strength 
Defeating Sin and Death, his two maine armes, 
And fix farr deeper in his head thir stings 
Then temporal death shall bruise the Victors heel, 
Or theirs whom he redeems, a death like sleep, 
A gentle wafting to immortal Life. 
Nor after resurrection shall he stay 
Longer on Earth then certaine times to appeer 
To his Disciples, Men who in his Life 
Still follow'd him; to them shall leave in charge 
To teach all nations what of him they learn'd 
And his Salvation, them who shall beleeve 
Baptizing in the profluent streame, the signe 
Of washing them from guilt of sin to Life 
Pure, and in mind prepar'd, if so befall, 
For death, like that which the redeemer dy'd. 
All Nations they shall teach; for from that day 
Not onely to the Sons of ABRAHAMS Loines 
Salvation shall be Preacht, but to the Sons 
Of ABRAHAMS Faith wherever through the world; 
So in his seed all Nations shall be blest. 
Then to the Heav'n of Heav'ns he shall ascend 
With victory, triumphing through the aire 
Over his foes and thine; there shall surprise 
The Serpent, Prince of aire, and drag in Chaines 
Through all his realme, & there confounded leave; 
Then enter into glory, and resume 
His Seat at Gods right hand, exalted high 
Above all names in Heav'n; and thence shall come, 
When this worlds dissolution shall be ripe, 
With glory and power to judge both quick & dead, 
To judge th' unfaithful dead, but to reward 
His faithful, and receave them into bliss, 
Whether in Heav'n or Earth, for then the Earth 
Shall all be Paradise, far happier place 
Then this of EDEN, and far happier daies. 
  So spake th' Archangel MICHAEL, then paus'd, 
As at the Worlds great period; and our Sire 
Replete with joy and wonder thus repli'd. 
  O goodness infinite, goodness immense! 
That all this good of evil shall produce, 
And evil turn to good; more wonderful 
Then that which by creation first brought forth 
Light out of darkness! full of doubt I stand, 
Whether I should repent me now of sin 
By mee done and occasiond, or rejoyce 
Much more, that much more good thereof shall spring, 
To God more glory, more good will to Men 
From God, and over wrauth grace shall abound. 
But say, if our deliverer up to Heav'n 
Must reascend, what will betide the few 
His faithful, left among th' unfaithful herd, 
The enemies of truth; who then shall guide 
His people, who defend? will they not deale 
Wors with his followers then with him they dealt? 
  Be sure they will, said th' Angel; but from Heav'n 
Hee to his own a Comforter will send, 
The promise of the Father, who shall dwell 
His Spirit within them, and the Law of Faith 
Working through love, upon thir hearts shall write, 
To guide them in all truth, and also arme 
With spiritual Armour, able to resist 
SATANS assaults, and quench his fierie darts 
What Man can do against them, not affraid, 
Though to the death, against such cruelties 
With inward consolations recompenc't, 
And oft supported so as shall amaze 
Thir proudest persecuters: for the Spirit 
Powrd first on his Apostles, whom he sends 
To evangelize the Nations, then on all 
Baptiz'd, shall them with wondrous gifts endue 
To speak all Tongues, and do all Miracles, 
As did thir Lord before them.  Thus they win 
Great numbers of each Nation to receave 
With joy the tidings brought from Heav'n: at length 
Thir Ministry perform'd, and race well run, 
Thir doctrine and thir story written left, 
They die; but in thir room, as they forewarne, 
Wolves shall succeed for teachers, grievous Wolves, 
Who all the sacred mysteries of Heav'n 
To thir own vile advantages shall turne 
Of lucre and ambition, and the truth 
With superstitions and traditions taint, 
Left onely in those written Records pure, 
Though not but by the Spirit understood. 
Then shall they seek to avail themselves of names, 
Places and titles, and with these to joine 
Secular power, though feigning still to act 
By spiritual, to themselves appropriating 
The Spirit of God, promisd alike and giv'n 
To all Beleevers; and from that pretense, 
Spiritual Lawes by carnal power shall force 
On every conscience; Laws which none shall finde 
Left them inrould, or what the Spirit within 
Shall on the heart engrave.  What will they then 
But force the Spirit of Grace it self, and binde 
His consort Libertie; what, but unbuild 
His living Temples, built by Faith to stand, 
Thir own Faith not anothers: for on Earth 
Who against Faith and Conscience can be heard 
Infallible? yet many will presume: 
Whence heavie persecution shall arise 
On all who in the worship persevere 
Of Spirit and Truth; the rest, farr greater part, 
Will deem in outward Rites and specious formes 
Religion satisfi'd; Truth shall retire 
Bestuck with slandrous darts, and works of Faith 
Rarely be found: so shall the World goe on, 
To good malignant, to bad men benigne, 
Under her own waight groaning, till the day 
Appeer of respiration to the just, 
And vengeance to the wicked, at return 
Of him so lately promis'd to thy aid, 
The Womans seed, obscurely then foretold, 
Now amplier known thy Saviour and thy Lord, 
Last in the Clouds from Heav'n to be reveald 
In glory of the Father, to dissolve 
SATAN with his perverted World, then raise 
From the conflagrant mass, purg'd and refin'd, 
New Heav'ns, new Earth, Ages of endless date 
Founded in righteousness and peace and love, 
To bring forth fruits Joy and eternal Bliss. 
  He ended; and thus ADAM last reply'd. 
How soon hath thy prediction, Seer blest, 
Measur'd this transient World, the Race of time, 
Till time stand fix
(filling in from the end of the above cut-off writeup; it's really a shame to read through all this and not quite get the ending 8)

Till time stand fixt: beyond is all abyss,
Eternitie, whose end no eye can reach.
Greatly instructed I shall hence depart,
Greatly in peace of thought, and have my fill
Of knowledge, what this vessel can containe;
Beyond which was my folly to aspire.
Henceforth I learne, that to obey is best,
And love with feare the onely God, to walk
As in his presence, ever to observe
His providence, and on him sole depend,
Merciful over all his works, with good
Still overcoming evil, and by small
Accomplishing great things, by things deemd weak
Subverting worldly strong, and worldly wise
By simply meek; that suffering for Truths sake
Is fortitude to highest victorie,
And to the faithful Death the Gate of Life;
Taught this by his example whom I now
Acknowledge my Redeemer ever blest.
To whom thus also th' Angel last repli'd:
This having learnt, thou hast attaind the summe
Of wisdom; hope no higher, though all the Starrs
Thou knewst by name, and all th' ethereal Powers,
All secrets of the deep, all Natures works,
Or works of God in Heav'n, Air, Earth, or Sea,
And all the riches of this World enjoydst,
And all the rule, one Empire; onely add
Deeds to thy knowledge answerable, add Faith,
Add Vertue, Patience, Temperance, add Love,
By name to come call'd Charitie, the soul
Of all the rest: then wilt thou not be loath
To leave this Paradise, but shalt possess
A Paradise within thee, happier farr.
Let us descend now therefore from this top
Of Speculation; for the hour precise
Exacts our parting hence; and see the Guards,
By mee encampt on yonder Hill, expect
Thir motion, at whose Front a flaming Sword,
In signal of remove, waves fiercely round;
We may no longer stay: go, waken Eve;
Her also I with gentle Dreams have calm'd
Portending good, and all her spirits compos'd
To meek submission: thou at season fit
Let her with thee partake what thou hast heard,
Chiefly what may concern her Faith to know,
The great deliverance by her Seed to come
(For by the Womans Seed) on all Mankind.
That ye may live, which will be many dayes,
Both in one Faith unanimous though sad,
With cause for evils past, yet much more cheer'd
With meditation on the happie end.
He ended, and they both descend the Hill;
Descended, ADAM to the Bowre where EVE
Lay sleeping ran before, but found her wak't;
And thus with words not sad she him receav'd.
Whence thou returnst, whither wentst, I know;
For God is also in sleep, and Dreams advise,
Which he hath sent propitious, some great good
Presaging, since with sorrow and hearts distress
VVearied I fell asleep: but now lead on;
In mee is no delay; with thee to goe,
Is to stay here; without thee here to stay,
Is to go hence unwilling; thou to mee
Art all things under Heav'n, all places thou,
VVho for my wilful crime art banisht hence.
This further consolation yet secure
I carry hence; though all by mee is lost,
Such favour I unworthie am voutsaft,
By mee the Promis'd Seed shall all restore.
So spake our Mother EVE, and ADAM heard
VVell pleas'd, but answer'd not; for now too nigh
Th' Archangel stood, and from the other Hill
To thir fixt Station, all in bright array
The Cherubim descended; on the ground
Gliding meteorous, as Ev'ning Mist
Ris'n from a River o're the marish glides,
And gathers ground fast at the Labourers heel
Homeward returning. High in Front advanc't,
The brandisht Sword of God before them blaz'd
Fierce as a Comet; which with torrid heat,
And vapour as the LIBYAN Air adust,
Began to parch that temperate Clime; whereat
In either hand the hastning Angel caught
Our lingring Parents, and to th' Eastern Gate
Let them direct, and down the Cliff as fast
To the subjected Plaine; then disappeer'd.
They looking back, all th' Eastern side beheld
Of Paradise, so late thir happie seat,
Wav'd over by that flaming Brand, the Gate
With dreadful Faces throng'd and fierie Armes:
Som natural tears they drop'd, but wip'd them soon;
The World was all before them, where to choose
Thir place of rest, and Providence thir guide:
They hand in hand with wandring steps and slow,
Through EDEN took thir solitarie way
.

THE END

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