Keio, formally called Keio Gijuku
, is the oldest university in Japan, founded in 1867 by Japanese scholar Fukuzawa Yukichi
. In 1890, Keio opened full faculties of literature
, and law
at its main campus in the Mita
area of Tokyo
(located near JR Tamachi
Station on the Yamanote Line
). They opened a medical school
in 1917, an engineering
school in 1944, and a business school
offering an MBA
in 1978. Keio now runs five separate undergraduate campuses in Tokyo.
Prime ministers Koizumi Junichiro and Hashimoto Ryutaro are both Keio alumni.
In 1990, Keio opened a bilingual high school in Purchase, NY, as an international component to their famous "cradle to grave" education program. In Tokyo, there is a Keio Gijuku elementary school, a Keio Gijuku junior high school, and a Keio Gijuku senior high school, and all are just as prestigious as the university itself.
Keio is a member of the rokudai, the Japanese equivalent of the Ivy League. Its main rival within the rokudai is Waseda University.
The university's motto is Calamus Gladio Fortior, "the pen is mightier than the sword." Their crest has two pen nibs crossed together.