Ho*mol"o*gous (?), a. [Gr. assenting, agreeing; the same + speech, discourse, proportion, to say, speak.]

Having the same relative position, proportion, value, or structure

. Especially:
  1. Geom.

    Corresponding in relative position and proportion.

    In similar polygons, the corresponding sides, angles, diagonals, etc., are homologous.
    Davies & Peck (Math. Dict. ).
  2. Alg.

    Having the same relative proportion or value, as the two antecedents or the two consequents of a proportion.

    .
  3. Chem.

    Characterized by homology; belonging to the same type or series; corresponding in composition and properties

    . See Homology, 3.
  4. Biol.

    Being of the same typical structure; having like relations to a fundamental type to structure; as, those bones in the hand of man and the fore foot of a horse are homologous that correspond in their structural relations, that is, in their relations to the type structure of the fore limb in vertebrates

    .

Homologous stimulus. Physiol. See under Stimulus.

 

© Webster 1913.

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