An organization founded in 1866 by Dr. B.F. Stephenson
. It was comprised of Union war veterans
(from the American Civil War
, obviously) whose major platform topic was war pension
s. At some point in time, there were nearly 500,000 members of the GAR
. In 1949, it was permanently closed.
Some of the GAR's major accomplishments:
Established Memorial Day
Elected 5 U.S. Presidents under this organization
Elected several northern governors
Gained 1/5 of the national budget for war pensions.