The explosive limits (also called limits of flammability
or limits of inflammability
) determine whether a gas
mixture with air/oxygen will combust
For a gas mixture, two explosive limits should be given:
Any gas mixture with a concentration between the LEL and UEL can cause an explosion!
Also keep in mind:
- LEL and UEL are dependent on temperature and pressure. Generally, higher pressure and temperature will expand the explosive regime (more danger).
- LEL and UEL are usually specified for mixtures in air, but will be different for mixtures in oxygen.
- Free flowing, explosive gas mixtures with concentrations above the UEL can easily mix with surrounding air, and consequently cause an explosion.
- The presence of other explosive gases in a mixture will also affect the LEL and UEL
If you ever need this data, verify it in reputable
sources, such as the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics