Once a nickname for Strom Thurmond's States Rights Party, the term has stuck, to describe Old South Democrats, many of whom have become Republicans, at least in their voting habits. The SRP was formed in 1948, in a revolt against civil rights advocacy becoming part of the Democrats' agenda. The "Southern Strategy", devised for Nixon's 1968 campaign, was a successful attempt to cherry-pick this segment of the electorate; it has continued ever since.

Dixiecrats is the popular name for members and leaders of the States Rights Party that bolted the Democratic National Convention in 1948 after adoption of the nation's first comprehensive Civil Rights Plank barring discrimination.

They did not do well and the election was won by Harry S Truman and the Democrats.

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