German for "the bridge". A German derivative of the fauve movement founded in 1905 by a brotherhood of three architecture students: Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (1880-1938), Karl Schmidt-Rottluff (1884-1976), and Erich Heckel (1883-1970). The movement's name is inspired by a passage of Nietzsche's Thus Spake Zarathustra (1883) where Zarathustra prophesizes of man's ability to become the bridge to a more superior species: an Ubermensch (German for "superman"). The movement ended in 1913 due to conflicting ideas of the group's direction. See Street, Berlin(1913) for an example of Brucke art.

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