Com`mu*ta"tion (?), n. [L. commutatio: cf. F. commutation.]

1.

A passing from one state to another; change; alteration; mutation.

[R.]

So great is the commutation that the soul then hated only that which now only it loves. South.

2.

The act of giving one thing for another; barter; exchange.

[Obs.]

The use of money is . . . that of saving the commutation of more bulky commodities. Arbuthnot.

3. Law

The change of a penalty or punishment by the pardoning power of the State; as, the commutation of a sentence of death to banishment or imprisonment.

Suits are allowable in the spiritual courts for money agreed to be given as a commutation for penance. Blackstone.

4.

A substitution, as of a less thing for a greater, esp. a substitution of one form of payment for another, or one payment for many, or a specific sum of money for conditional payments or allowances; as, commutation of tithes; commutation of fares; commutation of copyright; commutation of rations.

Angle of commutation Astron., the difference of the geocentric longitudes of the sun and a planet. -- Commutation of tithes, the substitution of a regular payment, chargeable to the land, for the annual tithes in kind. -- Commutation ticket, a ticket, as for transportation, which is the evidence of a contract for service at a reduced rate. See 2d Commute, 2.

 

© Webster 1913.

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