2nd Earl Cathcart (1842-1859)
Born 1783 Died 1859
Charles Murray Cathcart succeeded to the title in 1843. He entered the 2nd Life Guards in 1800, and saw active service under Sir James Craig in the Mediterranean, 1805-1806. In 1807 he became by courtesy Lord Greenock. He took part in the Walcheren expedition of 1809 as a major, and as a lieutenant-colonel served at Barossa, Salamanca and Vittoria. He had already gained staff experience, and he now served under Graham in Holland, 1814, as quartermaster-general. He was present at Waterloo, and for his services received the C.B. and several foreign orders. During the peace he became deeply interested in scientific pursuits, and a new mineral discovered by him in 1841 was named Greenockite. His later military services included the chief command in Canada during a period of grave unrest (1846-1849). He retired from active service in 1859, becoming a full general just before his death. The title passed to his son and grandson as 3rd and 4th earls.
Extracted from the entry for CATHCART, WILLIAM SCHAW CATHCART, 1ST EARL in the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, the text of which lies within the public domain.