The Boeing 767 is a twin-engine widebody aircraft used on transcontinental and transatlantic routes, as well as a few transpacific routes. It was designed to replace three-engined widebodies such as the Lockheed Tristar and McDonnell Douglas DC-10. Today, its main competitors are the Airbus A300 and Airbus A330.

History

United Airlines was the 767's launch customer, ordering thirty in 1978. The first production 767 was test-flown in September of 1981 and entered airline service in September of 1982. (The prototype ended its life as the Airborne Surveillance Testbed for the United States Air Force.)

The 767 was designed in parallel with the narrowbody Boeing 757, and the two aircraft share almost identical avionics, wings, and tailplanes. Flight crews can be cross-trained from one to the other very quickly, as they share a common type rating: this makes both aircraft cheaper to operate for large airlines, as well as cheaper to design for Boeing.

In 1983, Japan Airlines ordered a lengthened version of the 767, the 767-300, which was delivered in September of 1986. In 1997, Delta Air Lines and Continental Airlines ordered an even bigger 767, the 767-400, which entered service in September of 2000.

Fatal Hull-Loss Incidents

The 767 is a remarkably safe aircraft: no accidents to date have been caused by flaws in the airframe itself. So far, six 767's carrying passengers have been totalled for various reasons...

Variants

  • 767-200: The first model of the 767.
  • 767-200ER: An extended-range variant first delivered to El Al in 1984. It became the first 767 to complete a nonstop transatlantic journey, and broke the flying distance record for twinjet airliners several times.
  • 767-300: A lengthened -200.
  • 767-300ER: An extended-range variant of the -300. In 1995, EVA Air used a 767-300ER to inaugurate the first transpacific 767 service.
  • 767-300F: A highly-automated air freight version of the 767-300ER, ordered by UPS in 1993 and delivered in 1995.
  • 767-400ER: Another extended long-range variant. Its most distinguishing features are its pointy "raked" wingtips, which increase fuel efficiency and reduce its operating costs relative to the A330.
  • E-767: AWACS platform used by the Japan Self-Defense Forces.
  • KC-767: Aerial refueling platform currently used by the Italian Air Force and JSDF. The Royal Air Force and United States Air Force have also expressed interest in the aircraft (the Pentagon attempted to lease some, although this deal has been extensively questioned).
Specs

  • Length: 48 m (-200), 55 m (-300), 62 m (-400)
  • Wingspan: 48 m (-200, -300), 52 m (-400)
  • Passengers in three-class configuration (2-1-2 first, 2-2-2 business, 2-3-2 coach): 181 (-200), 218 (-300), 245 (-400)
  • Passengers in two-class configuration (2-1-2 first, 2-3-2 coach): 255 (-200), 351 (-300), 375 (-400)
  • Operating range: 9,400 to 12,200 km, depending on model (the -200ER flies farthest)
  • Cruising speed: Mach 0.8
Major Operators

  1. Delta Air Lines (116)
  2. American Airlines (87)
  3. All Nippon Airways (58)
  4. United Airlines (54)
  5. Air Canada (50)
  6. United Parcel Service (32)
    Qantas (32)
  7. Japan Airlines (31, including Japan Asia Airways)
  8. Continental Airlines (30)
  9. British Airways (25)
  10. Airborne Express (23)
  11. Hawaiian Airlines (16)
  12. Air New Zealand (13)
  13. Alitalia (12)
    Air China (12)
    KLM (12)
    Varig (12)
  14. US Airways (11)

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