Also known as marsh blazing star,
colic root, dense button-snakeroot, devil's bit, devil's bite and
gayfeather. This is a perennial plant found in meadows, on the border of
marshes and in damp soil. It has a tuberous root from which grows a stem up
to 6 feet high. Linear, dotted leaves grow from the stem. Leaves at the base
of the plant can be up to 12 inches long. Spikes of small flowers bloom from
August to October, and are bluish-purple in colour.
The rootstock of
the blazing star plant has diuretic properties. A decoction can be used as a
gargle for sore throat, and as a remedy for gonorrhea.
Also known as scaly blazing star, blazing star root
and rattle-snake master. This is a native North American variety which is
found in dry, open woods, clearings and fields. It is much smaller than
marsh blazing star, growing to a height of only 2 feet. The flower spike
blooms between June and September.
Scaly blazing star is also diuretic
and is used similarly to marsh blazing star. It is believed to be helpful
for snakebite, the bruised root being applied to the wound. A decoction
mixed with milk would then be consumed.
Also known as tall blazing star, blue blazing star,
gayfeather and large button-snakeroot. This variety is found in woods,
fields and along roadsides. The tuberous root sends up a stem up to 3 feet
tall. The leaves are much broader than those of the marsh blazing star, and
it also has much smaller, dotted leaves towards the top of the plant.
Medicinal use of this plant is the same as for scaly blazing star.