, born in 1901
near Kalinin. He became a communist
and fought in Siberia
. Deeply influenced by Tolstoy
, his most acclaimed work is The Young Guard (1946
As General Secretary of the Soviet Writers' Union at the height of Stalin's rule he ruthlessly and mercilessly exposed any literary "deviationism" from the party line, but after becoming a target himself he committed suicide in Moscow in 1956.