Woodman, spare that tree!
Touch not a single bough!
In youth it sheltered me,
And I'll protect it now.
- George Pope Morris, 1830
Mary had a little lamb;
Its fleece was white as snow,
And everywhere that Mary went
The lamb was sure to go.
- Sarah Josepha Hale, Poems for our Children, 1830
Stolen sweets are always sweeter,
Stolen kisses much completer,
Stolen looks are nice in chapels,
Stolen, stolen, be your apples.
- Leigh Hunt, Song of Fairies Robbing an Orchard, 1830
It was a dark and stormy night.
- Opening line of Edward Bulwer-Lytton's 1830 novel Paul Clifford.
C'est une fête toute napolitaine, monseigneur, nous
dansons sur un volcan!"
(This is truly a Neapolitan event, Sire, for we are dancing
on a volcano!)"
- the Comte de Salvandy, during a June fête held by the duc d'Orleans for the King of Naples.
Born in 1830:
Died in 1830:
Events of 1830:
Thomas Southwood Smith's Treatise on Fever argues that
disease is the prinicpal cause of poverty.
Wang Qingren published several anatomy treatises, including Yilin
Gaicuo (Errors Corrected from the Forest of Physicians)
Alfred Tennyson's Poems, Chiefly Lyrical
Henri Bayle (aka 'Stendahl')'s novel Le Rouge et le noir appears.
Henry Savery's Quintus Servinton is the first novel published
Honore de Balzac's collection of six stories, Scenes de la vie
privee, is published.
The Book of Mormon is published as Joseph Smith and his five
followers organize the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints in
upstate New York.
Although the locomotive 'Tom Thumb' loses its famous Baltimore race to a horse, regular passenger service begins between
Baltimore and Ellicotts Mills, the first such
service in the United States. In Britain, tragedy strikes the
opening of the Liverpool and Machester Railway when Huskisson
is run over.
Former president John Quincy Adams is elected to the House of
The fifth decennial United States Census counts 12,866,020 people,
including 1,987,428 slaves.
The United States congress passes the Indian Removal Act, authorizing
president Andrew Jackson to force Native Americans to move west of the
Mississippi River. American painter George Catlin travels to
St. Louis, meets William Clark, and travels with
him out into the prairie, painting images of the Plains Indians.
The National Negro Convention meets in Philadelphia,
discussing ways to get slavery abolished.
Mexico forbids any more Americans from emigrating into Texas,
as well as the importation of slaves from the United States.
(April 24) the Ottoman sultan accepts the independence
of Greece, and grants Serbia autonomy within the Empire.
Uruguay passes a constitution, with General Jose Fructoso Rivera
as its first president.
Venezuela decided to break away from Gran Colombia the
previous year; the Venezuelan Cogress officially proclaims indepdenence
on January 21. Simón Bolívar resigns (April 27) as president.
If Bolivar is unable to stop Gran Golombia's breakup, his successor, Jose
Domingo Caciedo cannot possibly do anything. The provinces of Quito
and Guayaquil break away to form the independent state of Ecuador
on May 13, with Juan Jose Flores as its first president.
Revolution in France.
(January 31) because of an 1827 insult to their ambassador,
French king Charles X and his reactionary First Minister the Prince de Polignac, send an invasion
force to Algeria.
(February 13) Comedie-Francaise shows the political play Hernani, whose
villain 'Don Carlo' is brought low. King Charles X is not amused.
(March) the Chamber of Deputies demands the dismissal of Polignac.
(May) Instead, Charles dismisses the Chamber and calls for new elections.
(July 9) The Bourbon fleur-de-lyse flag is raised over the Casbah in
Algiers and French troops treat the city to a rather thorough
(July 26) The new elections produce another Liberal majority. Polignac
makes a pre-emptive strike, issuing the 'July Ordinances', a set
of decrees, dissolving the Chamber (which has not met yet), and restricting
freedom of the press.
(July 27) Paris rises.
(July 29) The National Guard, under the command of the 73-year-old Marquis
de Lafayette, takes control of Paris. Proponents of a republic (with
Lafayette as president) gather at the Hôtel de Ville. Proponents
of a constitutional monarchy under Louis-Phillipe, duc d' Orleans,
gather at the newspaper Le National.
(July 30) Charles X dismisses Polignac. Too little, too late.
(July 31) Louis-Phillipe appears at the Hôtel de Ville, where he
and Lafayette wrap themselves in tricolors and embrace; the white Bourbon
flag with gold semy-de-lys is taken down forever.
(August 2) Charles (and his son the Dauphin) abdicates in favor of Charles's
grandson, but Henri V
(August 7) The Chamber declares the throne vacant.
(August 9) Louis-Phillipe is declared king. Charles leaves for England.
Revolution in the Netherlands. The Catholic southern half
of the Netherlands, chafing at rule from Holland, follows the example of
(August 25) Dutch forces in Brussels are attacked.
(September 23-26) Crown Prince Frederick fails to capture Brussels, in
heavy street fighting.
(October 4) The independent state of Belgium is declared.
(October 27) Dutch forces capture the citadel of Brussels.
(Deecember 20) A conference in London (Lord Palmerston and Talleyrand)
confirms Belgian independence.
(November 29) Revolution in Poland. Tsar Nicholas I, ever
the absolutist, proposes using the Polish army to suppress the French and
Belgian uprisings. Instead, the Poles expel Russian troops
from the part of Poland occupied by Russia; the Polish Congress declares
a revolutionary government in Warsaw. Support gathers for revolution
in the part of Poland occupied by Prussia. Frederic Chopin arrives
- No revolution in Italy as Prince Metternich ruthlessly suppresses the Carbonari.
Members of the Raleigh Dining Club decide a more formal organization
for the advancement of Geography is needed and the Royal Geographical
Society is chartered with the support of William IV.
Chicago, Illinois laid out.
A major earthquake strikes Tehran, now estimated at 7.2 on the
1829 - 1830 - 1831
How they Were Made - 19th Century