theory, a school of thought that developed in the early twentieth century, that changed the way chess masters regarded the center
, and refined their notions of position play.
Pioneered, more than anyone, by Aron Nimzovich, whose book My System may be regarded as the Hypermodern Bible.
The term hypermodern was coined by Savielly Tartakower. One of the well known hypermodern theorists, Richard Reti denied the existence of any such school of thought, as he believed that the term was used so broadly as to include all of the pioneers who explored diverse paths regarding the laws of chess strategy. However, much of the innovation of the time has filtered down to the present, and has the appearance of a school of thought, which exerts a continuing influence on how players play the game. For more information see Hypermodern chess.