A paradoxically named institution from George Orwell's 1984. The Ministry of Love was an enigma to Winston, until he himself was accused of comitting thoughtcrime, and had to endure penance inside the Ministry. Thus, we find out that its primary purpose is to seek out individuals in Oceania who secretly harbored thoughts of rebellion against Big Brother and the establishment.

The thought criminals (who are all caught in the end) are taken here and forced, by brainwashing, to change their beliefs. Once they are fully assimilated in the horde of sheep, they are killed. Shudder.