Cantonese refers to the Guangzhou Dialect, one of the Yue Dialects (it is not a dialect of mandarin, and in some cases uses different characters) , the main features of which are as follows:
  • Nine tones

  • Like middle chinese, it has words ending in the consonants n, p, t, k, and m, whereas mandarin and many other dialects only retain some of these endings- Cantonese has them all.

  • The adverb follows the verb in the sentence, where in mandarin the adverb comes first.

  • verb--indirect object- direct object word order: the direct object follows the indirect object, whereas in mandarin the direct object comes first

  • there are no medial vowels, a feature that Cantonese shares with the Zhuang minority language.