XV. THE THOUSAND AND ONE GOALS
by Friedrich Nietzsche
Many lands saw Zarathustra, and many peoples: thus he discovered the
and bad of many peoples. No greater power did Zarathustra find on earth
than good and bad.
No people could live without first valuing; if a people will maintain
itself, however, it must not value as its neighbour valueth.
Much that passed for good with one people was regarded with scorn and
contempt by another: thus I found it. Much found I here called bad, which
was there decked with purple honours.
Never did the one neighbour understand the other: ever did his soul
at his neighbour's delusion and wickedness.
A table of excellencies hangeth over every people. Lo! it is the table of
their triumphs; lo! it is the voice of their Will to Power.
It is laudable, what they think hard; what is indispensable and hard they
call good; and what relieveth in the direst distress, the unique and
hardest of all,--they extol as holy.
Whatever maketh them rule and conquer and shine, to the dismay and
their neighbours, they regard as the high and foremost thing, the test and
the meaning of all else.
Verily, my brother, if thou knewest but a people's need, its land, its
and its neighbour, then wouldst thou divine the law of its surmountings,
and why it climbeth up that ladder to its hope.
Always shalt thou be the foremost and prominent above others: no
shall thy jealous soul love, except a friend that made the soul of a
Greek thrill: thereby went he his way to greatness.
To speak truth, and be skilful with bow and arrow so seemed it
pleasing and hard to the people from whom cometh my name--the name
alike pleasing and hard to me.
To honour father and mother, and from the root of the soul to do
will--this table of surmounting hung another people over them, and became
powerful and permanent thereby.
To have fidelity, and for the sake of fidelity to risk honour and
even in evil and dangerous courses--teaching itself so, another people
mastered itself, and thus mastering itself, became pregnant and heavy with
Verily, men have given unto themselves all their good and bad. Verily,
they took it not, they found it not, it came not unto them as a voice from
Values did man only assign to things in order to maintain himself--he
created only the significance of things, a human significance! Therefore,
calleth he himself man, that is, the valuator.
Valuing is creating: hear it, ye creating ones! Valuation itself is the
treasure and jewel of the valued things.
Through valuation only is there value; and without valuation the nut of
existence would be hollow. Hear it, ye creating ones!
Change of values--that is, change of the creating ones. Always doth he
destroy who hath to be a creator.
Creating ones were first of all peoples, and only in late times
individuals; verily, the individual himself is still the latest creation.
Peoples once hung over them tables of the good. Love which would rule
love which would obey, created for themselves such tables.
Older is the pleasure in the herd than the pleasure in the ego: and as
long as the good conscience is for the herd, the bad conscience only saith:
Verily, the crafty ego, the loveless one, that seeketh its advantage in the
advantage of many--it is not the origin of the herd, but its ruin.
Loving ones, was it always, and creating ones, that created good and
Fire of love gloweth in the names of all the virtues, and fire of wrath.
Many lands saw Zarathustra, and many peoples: no greater power did
Zarathustra find on earth than the creations of the loving ones--good
bad are they called.
Verily, a prodigy is this power of praising and blaming. Tell me, ye
brethren, who will master it for me? Who will put a fetter upon the
thousand necks of this animal?
A thousand goals have there been hitherto, for a thousand peoples have
there been. Only the fetter for the thousand necks is still lacking; there
is lacking the one goal. As yet humanity hath not a goal.
But pray tell me, my brethren, if the goal of humanity be still lacking, is
there not also still lacking--humanity itself?--
Thus spake Zarathustra.
the first thought of Zarathustra