This Date in History
Edgar I is declared King of all England, setting the Brittans in rule for the next 100 years, before William the Conqueror comes in and takes control.
King Henry III of England is born.
Belgium surrenders to Napoleon, making them a French territory until 1815, when Napoleon's defeat put them back in the hands of the Dutch.
Spain cedes Louisiana to France in the Treaty of San Ildefonso, paving the way for Thomas Jefferson's Louisana Purchase three years later.
The world's first postcard is issued by the Austrian government, postage paid.
Thomas Edison opens the first electric lamp factory in America.
Engineer William Boeing, whose work on aerodynamics ushered in a new era of planes and jets, is born.
The United States Congress officially establishes Yosemite National Park as a federal park.
Actor Stanley Holloway (My Fair Lady, The Lavender Hill Mob, Hamlet) is born.
Stanford University opens for enrollment.
The first game of the modern World Series is played between the Boston Pilgrims and the Pittsburgh Pirates.
The great pianist Vladimir Horowitz is born.
Henry Ford introduces his Model T car, which will revolutionize the automaking industry within the decade.
The Los Angeles Times building is destroyed by a large bomb. Twenty workers and citizens are killed. Two union men confess to the bombing, a reaction to anti-labor editorials in the paper.
Outlaw and bank robber Bonnie Parker, of Bonnie and Clyde fame, is born.
The eminent soldier and exaggerator T.E. Lawrence overthrows the city of Damascus.
Oscar-winning actor Walter Matthau (The Bad News Bears, Charade, The Odd Couple) is born.
Actor James Whitmore (Kiss Me, Kate, Them!, Shawshank Redemption) is born.
Supreme Court Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist is born.
Former United States President Jimmy Carter is born.
Actor and spokesperson Tom Bosley ("Happy Days", "Father Dowling Mysteries") is born.
Actor Laurence Harvey, who turned in a chilling performance in 1962's The Manchurian Candidate as the hypnotized Raymond Shaw, is born.
Actor George Peppard, star of Breakfast at Tiffany's and How the West Was Won but most famous for his role as Hannibal Smith on TV's "The A-Team", is born.
Actor Richard Harris (Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, Gladiator, Camelot) is born.
The George Washington Bridge opens for traffic, connecting New York and New Jersey for the first time by bridge.
Broadway and movie icon Julie Andrews (Mary Poppins, The Sound of Music) is born.
Generalissimo Francisco Franco is named head of the Nationalist government in Spain, directly leading to the Spanish Civil War.
Actress Stella Stevens, most famous for her role in the Irwin Allen disaster epic The Poseidon Adventure, is born.
Nazi Germany annexes the Sudetenland, part of Neville Chamberlain's appeasement strategy.
Baseball Hall of Famer Rod Carew is born.
Actor Stephen Collins, who plays the father on the acclaimed TV series "7th Heaven", is born.
Mao Zedong declares himself ruler of the People's Republic of China.
Comedic actor Randy Quaid (National Lampoon's Vacation, Independence Day, Kingpin) is born.
NASA is officially created by Congress in order to further America's quest to visit outer space.
Nigeria and Cyprus are both granted independence by the United Kingdom.
Johnny Carson sits behind the desk of the Tonight Show for the first time, a late-night tradition that would last for thirty years.
Actor Esai Morales (La Bamba, "NYPD Blue") is born.
Home run-swatting first baseman Mark McGwire, who briefly held the record for most home runs in a single season with 70, is born.
Concorde 001, the first jet built by the new French air company, breaks the sound barrier, the first commercial plane to do so.
Walt Disney World opens for business in Orlando, Florida.
The "Thrilla in Manila" takes place, with Muhammad Ali defeating Joe Frazier in a highly-publicized boxing match.
Sovereignty of the Panama Canal is returned to Panama by the United States, but it will be ten years and an invasion before the canal is fully in Panama's control.
Eleven years after the park opened, Walt Disney World announces the opening of its newest extension, EPCOT Center, a stunning vision of the world of tomorrow.
Children's author E.B. White, most famous for his books Stuart Little and Charlotte's Web, passes away.
British garage rapper Dizzee Rascal is born.
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