Date: 22nd May, 1455

Time: started - between 10:00am & midday; duration - 30 mins

Location: in the streets of St. Albans (NW of London)

Weather: not recorded

Factions: York vs Lancaster

Victor: York

Troops/inventory:York - 3,000 - 7,000 men-at-arms (including archers, pikemen and billmen), cannons
Lancaster - 2,000 - 3,000 men-at-arms (including pikemen and billmen)

Injuries/fatalities of interest: York - none

Total slain/injured: approx. 100 slain (mostly Lancastrian soldiers)

Interesting bit: The Duke of Somerset fought for the Lancastrians that day. During the dying moments of the battle, he fought his way to refuge in an establishment called the Castle Inn, on the corner of Shropshire Lane. Assuming that he would be executed if captured alive by the Yorkists, he and his retainers decided to fight it out to the end. Learning that the defenders outside the inn had been slain, he led a final charge into the street. Somerset killed four men before finally being slain by an axeman.

As in all great war legends, the irony of the Duke's life lay in the manner of his death. Somerset had always pleaded with the King never to summon him to Windsor Castle, as a fortune teller had told him he would die in the shadow of a castle. This story may have been 'helped along' by the chroniclers of the time, but it certainly adds an ironic bent to the Duke of Somerset's death in front of the Castle Inn.