Date: 22nd August, 1485

Time: morning Duration - 2 hours

Location: Redmore Plain south of Bosworth, near Welsh border

Factions: Tudor vs York Victor: Tudor

Troops/inventory: Tudor - 5,000 - 7,000 men-at-arms (including archers), cannons York - 8,000 - 12,000 men-at-arms (including archers), cannons

Injuries/fatalities of interest: Tudor

  • Sir William Brandon (slain)
  • King Richard III (slain)
  • John, Lord Howard, Duke of Norfolk (slain)
  • Sir Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey (captured)
  • Sir Robert Brackenbury (slain)
  • Sir Richard Ratcliffe (slain); Sir Gervase Clifton (slain)
  • Walter, Lord Ferrers (slain)
  • William Catesby (captured, executed)

Total slain: 1,000 soldiers

Interesting bit: The Battle of Bosworth marked the end of 24 years of Yorkist rule in England. Richard Plantagenet, now King Richard III was killed. He was struck down while apparently making a final desperate charge against Henry Tudor. It is said that he almost succeeded in bringing Henry down, which is evidenced by the death of the young Tudor's standard-bearer. As a standard-bearer of the time invariably stayed close to the commander he was serving, it is generally accepted that Henry was involved in some form of close combat. However, as we do know, it was Richard who met his demise. The King was later stripped naked and paraded through town slung over the back of a horse. His body was exposed to the public for two days, then inferred in a stone coffin in the Grey Friars Church at Leicester. Years later, when this church was destroyed, King Richard's bones were tipped into a river, and the coffin used as a horse trough outside the White Horse Inn in Gallow Tree Gate. Henry Tudor allegedly found Richard's crown under a hawthorn bush near the battle site and was claimed King of England from that day forward. This marked the beginning of the 120 year Tudor dynasty.