agencies. 170,000 bureaucrat
s. The largest reorganization of the U.S. federal government
. DHS is all this and more.
According to the Homeland Security Act of 2002, "The primary mission of the Department is to prevent terrorist attacks within the United States; reduce the vulnerability of the United States to terrorism; and minimize the damage, and assist in the recovery, from terrorist attacks that do occur within the United States."
On November 25, 2002, the date that George W. Bush signed the bill into law, the Office of Homeland Security was cleared to become a department with a Secretary of Homeland Security sitting on the cabinet (Tom Ridge). The department is split into five directorates:
BORDER AND TRANSPORTATION SECURITY DIRECTORATE
Undersec. Asa Hutchinson
EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE DIRECTORATE
Undersec. Mike Brown
CHEMICAL, BIOLOGICAL, RADIOLOGICAL, AND NUCLEAR COUNTERMEASURES DIRECTORATE
Undersec. Charles McQueary
INFORMATION ANALYSIS AND INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION DIRECTORATE
Undersec. Frank Libutti
Undersec. Janet Hale
Agencies reporting directly to the Secretary: