-> Brazilian History
Colonial Era (1500 - 1808)
United Reign Era
(1808 - 1822)
- 1808 - Queen Maria I and regent Joao VI escape from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro as Napoleon conquers Portugal. Brazil becomes a "united reign" and receives the same status that Portugal originally enjoyed.
- 1821 - Portuguese government returns to Portugal.
(1822 - 1889)
Old Republic Era
(1889 - 1985)
- 1889 - Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca stages a coup, overthrows the emperor, and declares Brazil a federal republic on November 15. Though a republic in name, the government uses a system of patronage called "coronelismo" in practice.
- 1890 - "Hino Nacional Brasileiro" is adopted as the national anthem.
- 1891 - Constitution of the United States of Brazil is ratified.
- 1897 - The War of Canudos is fought in Bahia.
- 1908 - First ship of Japanese immigrants arrives in Brazil.
- 1929 - Brazil's coffee industry is devastated by the Great Depression.
- 1930 - Brazilian gold reserves are depleted; with unrest building across the country, Washington Luís resigns as president and Getulio Dornelles Vargas takes over.
- 1934 - New constitution establishes extensive state support of private enterprise.
- 1935 - ANL, a left-wing splinter group, is illegalized and forced to move underground.
- 1937 - Vargas takes over as dictator after revealing a supposed communist plan to overthrow the government.
- 1942 - Brazil joins the Allies in the European theater of World War II.
- 1945 - Vargas is overthrown in a coup.
- 1950 - Vargas becomes president for the second time.
- 1954 - Vargas committs suicide.
- 1956 - Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira becomes president.
- 1958 - Brazil's national soccer team wins the World Cup for the first time.
- 1960 - Brasilia, the new capital city, is completed.
- 1961 - Janio Quadros becomes president.
- 1964 - After a coup on March 31st, General Humberto Castello Branco becomes president.
- 1965 - All political parties other than ARENA and MDB are banned.
- 1968 - Brazil is renamed "Federative Republic of Brazil." General Arthur da Costa e Silva becomes president and promulgates Institutional Act Number 5, allowing the president to close Congress and suppress most civil rights.
- 1969 - General Emilio Garrastazu Medici becomes president.
- 1974 - General Ernesto Geisel becomes president.
- 1979 - General Joao Baptista de Oliveira Figueiredo becomes president.
- 1982 - Figueiredo allows blacklisted politicians to run for office for the first time since the 1970's.
(1985 - present)
cheers to nocte for being badass in general