One of the most powerful air to air missiles ever deployed: made by Hughes Aircraft and Raytheon for the F-14 Tomcat, first deployed in 1974. The Phoenix missile has a range of over 100 nautical miles, and delivers a sixty-kilogram high explosive warhead. An F-14 can carry up to six of them.

The Phoenix is radar guided. It was originally designed to target anti-ship cruise missiles such as those used by the Soviet Backfire and Badger bombers, but has found more common use as an anti-aircraft weapon. The newer AIM-54C model, first deployed in 1988, has targeting systems specifically designed for naval aviation targets.

The missile itself is thirteen feet long and fifteen inches in diameter, with a three-foot wingspan. It weighs one thousand pounds and costs about $475,000.

Thanks to dido for additions and corrections.