This ancient Chinese philosopher, who is thought to have lived from c. 420 - c. 350 B.C.E., is known only from a few passages in the writings of Mencius. His views are deeply un-Confucian, and no wonder Mencius disliked him. His main idea seems to be that human beings are born with a morally neutral nature.

Below is a digest of the six passages in which Gaozi was mentioned.