I propose to consider the question "Can machines think?"

The start of a challenging and very readable article written in 1950, in the journal Mind, by Alan Turing, one of the founding fathers of computer science. (The article 's title is "Computing machinery and intelligence".)

The first thing it does is replace the title question with another, one that Turing considers more useful to study: what would a machine have to to before we would no longer be able to distinguish it from a thinking person? He proposes an experimental setup now known as the Turing test.