A term, growing in popularity, to describe extremist Muslim groups determined to bring about an Islamic government through force (This term is also used to apply to any group of Muslims who allegedly use terrorism). This term was popularized by Muslims themselves to avoid use of the term Islamic fundamentalist.

A fundamentalist Christian is one who believes that the Bible is the literal Word of God. If the analog is that an Islamic fundamentalist believes the Qur'an is the literal Word of God, then every Muslim is an Islamic fundamentalist, as the belief that the Qur'an is a verbatim revelation to the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) is central to the faith. Also, Islamists have frequently used terrorism as the method for acheiving power, and the killing of unarmed non-agressors is expressly against Islamic law, much less fundamental to it.