Vibram FiveFingers (review)
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[Vibram], already notable for making [soles] for [Vasque] [hiking boots], is the only "official" vendor of this type of shoe, although [knockoffs|knockoff] are available, many of which use the Vibram or FiveFingers brand. These knockoff vendors offer different colors and materials (such as [Lycra]) which are not offered by Vibram.
These shoes are marketed as improving "your [balance], [agility], and [proprioception]." The idea is that humans are intended to perform physical activities while [barefoot], and as far as [muscles], [bones], and [tendons] in the [feet] go, wearing these shoes is indistinguishable from being barefoot.
The departure from regular shoes go much further than the fact that the [toes] are separated. In every way, the shoes are designed to fit much snugger than other kinds of shoes. Inasmuch as they have thin, flexible, [rubber] soles, they are very much like [pool shoes] or water socks. However, pool shoes tend to have stretchy mesh tops, using [spandex], Lycra or other [elastic] materials. FiveFingers tops tend to stretch very little. As a result, every part of the shoe, from the heels to the individual toes, conforms more closely to the foot, leaving almost no gaps or empty space between the shoe and the foot. Moreover, although FiveFingers shoes are [water-permeable], they are intended for everyday activity, especially [running] or [jogging], and not just [watersports|watersport].
Vibram sells them in a variety of colors and styles at a variety of price points, ranging from 50USD to 125[USD]. There seem to be two different designs, in a sense. One style covers the entire foot below the [ankle], with a strap at the top of the [instep] to keep the shoe from sliding around on the foot. This includes the KSO, KSO Trek, Flow, and Bikila designs. The other style leaves bare the entirety of the skin of the instep, like a [slipper], with the possible exception of a strap. This includes the Classic, MOC, and Sprint style (the Sprint being the only one of these with a strap).
The strap is a single separate piece wrapping all the way around the ankle, held in position by a [Velcro] spot at the back of the shoe, such that both ends double back through a wide [eyelet] on either side of the shoe. One end of the strap is another eyelet, through which the other end of the strap runs and doubles back on itself, held in place again by velcro.
All FiveFingers shoes are available only with [European] [shoe size|sizing], no matter where they are sold.
I have seen many people using various types of FiveFingers for a variety of outdoor activities: [hiking], [running], [climbing], [kayaking], [caving], [cycling], and just for casual use.
FiveFingers shoes are quite comfortable for hiking, except if one must walk along medium- to large-sized gravel, such as might be found in a dry [creek bed]. In this case, every single rock can be felt through the thin sole. However, they are a terrible choice for [backpacking], as carrying a heavy load calls for much more ankle support. Choose a properly fitted [hiking boot] instead.
They are nearly ideal for kayaking since they fit close to the skin and, therefore, are easy to wedge into the narrow space near a [kayak]'s [foot pegs], and, finally, are water-permeable, thereby preventing that annoying slosh from retaining water. However, I can't recommend FiveFingers more than standard [neoprene] kayak boots, since I have never used those. The downsides are that small amounts of sand will collect in them, and they do not provide a great deal of [traction] on wet [algae]-covered rocks. Probably regular water shoes with a [ridged] or [cross-hatched] sole would provide more friction. On the other hand, such shoes are likely to come off of your feet if you step in deep [mud].
In caving, they come up a bit short on several points. They provide an advantage when climbing [ledges] and [breakdowns], since the sole is thin enough to feel the rock to a greater [tactile] [resolution], and their water-permeability is again a great boon. However, that thin sole also makes it easier to feel pointy ridgy rocks which can be painful sometimes. And the lack of any [ankle support] increases your risk of a [sprain] or worse, as opportunities to step the wrong way are ubiquitous in caves. But their greatest failing is again their lack of traction. They just can't stick in slippery mud the way a good pair of [hiking boots] can, making climbing or traversing mud slopes quite a bit more dangerous.
I would not recommend them for sports like [racquetball] at all. They have excellent traction on a hardwood floor and stopping and starting is no problem. However, the high impact of such a sport calls for both a thicker sole and more ankle support. (I have been known to chase down a ball, then bounce off the wall by kicking it as hard as I can with the sole of my shoe. This is much easier on the foot with a hard inflexible sole.) Opt for a nice pair of [tennis shoes] or [cross-trainers] instead.
Surprisingly, as odd as they look to someone who thinks to look straight at them, they don't draw attention to themselves, and as such, the [bouncer] at a local [club] said nothing about them when I went out [dancing], and they were quite comfortable for several hours worth of that activity. Moreover, they make a nice [conversation piece] for strangers to introduce themselves by.
However, I must say that the best use, so far, that I have found for them is just for casual, daily use. They are as easy (or easier) to slip into as [sandals], are lighter, and, since they cover the whole foot, can be worn year-round, even when it's cold out. One can also wear [toe socks] with them for extra warmth when it is especially cold. This arrangement is so comfortable that I have worn the same pair of socks without removing them (except to shower) for three days straight, just sliding right into my FiveFingers right before walking out the door. It's truly the closest I can get to feeling barefoot without risking a [broken glass] related [injury]. Sometimes I forget I'm wearing them, and sometimes other people spot them out of the corner of their eye, covered in mud, and wonder for a moment why I took off my shoes!
Update: Comparison between Sprint and Trek Sport (by Amy)
Ed. Note: The Sprints are also made from a less resilient material, as evidenced by the fact that she replaced hers after they were torn open on a piece of [barbed wire].