Dachau, about 50km North of Munich
is the site of the first Nazi concentration camp
. It has been turned into a permanent memorial by the survivors committee, and can be visited daily, except Monday.
Although Dachau had a gas chamber
built in 1942
, it had not been used by the time the prisoners were liberated
by American GI
s in April 1945
. Dachau, unlike Auschwitz
, was not a death camp
, although it is likely that several million people died
were apparently so impressed with the design of the Dachau concentration camp, that it became a model for all the others.
Today Dachau is a quiet village with excellent train services, lots of tourists, signs in English, and cheap property.
The Munich U-Bahn
doesn't extend as far as Dachau. Visitors should take the S-Bahn
from Munich hbf
) and then the visitors bus from the station. Good alternatives are car or bike.