The FBI's (i.e. J. Edgar Hoover's) COunterINTELligence PROgram. An early goal was to divide-and-conquer black nationalism in the US. A month after the program began, Martin Luther King was murdered - ruling out the possibility of MLK becoming a rudder for that ship. Within a few years, many young black leaders (e.g. members of The Black Panthers) were dead, in jail, or exiled. COINTELPRO expanded over the years, even after Hoover's death, to attack and infiltrate other segments of dissent, including the American Indian Movement and Students for a Democratic Society.