1927-1993. His family were migrant workers, after losing their business in the 1930s. Organized voter-registrations, co-ops, and credit unions for farm workers. Founded (1962) what is now the United Farm Workers union; he campaigned for economic democracy, popularizing the hunger strike and putting "huelga!" and "grape boycott" into the US lexicon. Devout Catholic, admirer of Mahatma Gandhi, and practitioner of ahimsa, he was not without controversy, even among supporters.