Italian politician, born in 1916. Was an important political figure: helped draft Italy's constitution after World War 2; held several cabinet posts and was secretary of the Christian Democrats. Although that party was decidedly anti-communist, he helped give the Communist party in Italy a greater voice, and was overcoming the resistance of his party to working with the Communists.

He was captured by the Red Brigade in May of 1978, and was killed by them two months later.

There is still much controversy surrounding his capture and death, the inability of the government to find and free him, and the possibility that both the Italian and American governments orchestrated the affair.