The haček is a diacritic mark
used in the Czech and Lithuanian languages
. (Note that the "c" in haček should have a haček over it.
) It looks like an upside-down circumflex
or a pointed breve
-essentially a small "v
" over the letter. (I've managed to find a HTML symbol
for the "s": š
. It may appear over letters including "Č
The "Ř" with a hacek is acknowledged in the Guinness Book of World Records as the rarest sound in the world. It is described as a "rolled post-alveolar fricative".
So what does it sound like?
Ď: The same way the tilde modifies the n, the hacek modifies the d--it sort of adds a tiny vowel sound.
/dy/, /diuh/, /die/
Ě:Modifies the letter that it follows. For example de => dyeh.
Ř: Might be described as a strongly rolled /r/ with a kind of undertone of /d/ and an expulsion of air.
Ť:Like "d", only with /t/.
Ž: /zh/ Kind of like pronouncing the letter J with your teeth together, like /jh/.
Additional information due to Gritchka:
Č, Š, and Ž with haceks are used in Croatian and Latvian.