Alexandria, Egypt: The main Alexandria founded by Alexander the Great and today Africas 3rd largest city with about 5 million inhabitants. Founded in 322 B.C. at the point where the Nile meets the Mediterranean. The center of Hellenistic and Jewish culture in ancient times, declined after Cairo became the capital of Egypt in 969.

The city is Egypt's leading port and the heart of a major industrial area with such manufactures as refined petroleum, textiles, processed food, paper, and plastics.