first cause argument (idea)
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|The argument of the existence of God from the First cause is
one of [the Five Ways] from [Saint] [Thomas Aquinas].
Why? [God] as defined by Saint Thomas Aquinas is the Christian God. This being is in addition to being the creator of the world is [omnipotent], [omniscient], and [Omnibenevolence and Omnipotence|omnibenvolent]. There is nothing in the argument that shows that these properties exist in the Uncaused Cause. Thus, the inference from a first cause to the existence of God is [invalid].
Secondly, the [Birthday Fallacy]. (I) and (II) imply that there is at least one [causal chain] of events, and (III) tells us that all of them have a first member. This first member, cannot have a cause, otherwise it wouldn't be the first member of the chain. Thus each chain must have a first member. It does not follow that every causal chain must have the same first cause. This would be akin to claiming that everyone who has a birthday has the same birthday. (I) - (III) do not show that there is just one first cause.
Next, (I) - (III) are [inconstant]. These premises imply that every causal chain has an uncaused cause. This means that some event has no cause, which is in contradiction to (II). They cannot all be true.